Correlations of multiplicative functions and applications

Research paper by Oleksiy Klurman

Indexed on: 28 Mar '16Published on: 28 Mar '16Published in: Mathematics - Number Theory


We give an asymptotic formula for correlations \[ \sum_{n\le x}f_1(P_1(n))f_2(P_2(n))\cdot \dots \cdot f_m(P_m(n))\] where $f\dots,f_m$ are bounded "pretentious" multiplicative functions, under certain natural hypotheses. We then deduce several desirable consequences:\ First, we characterize all multiplicative functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\{-1,+1\}$ with bounded partial sums. This answers a question of Erd\H{o}s from $1957$ in the form conjectured by Tao. Second, we show that if the average of the first divided difference of multiplicative function is zero, then either $f(n)=n^s$ for $\operatorname{Re}(s)<1$ or $|f(n)|$ is small on average. This settles an old conjecture of K\'atai. Third, we apply our theorem to count the number of representations of $n=a+b$ where $a,b$ belong to some multiplicative subsets of $\mathbb{N}.$ This gives a new "circle method-free" proof of the result of Br\"udern.