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Cor a 14: missing link in the molecular diagnosis of hazelnut allergy?

Research paper by Margaretha A MA Faber, Maaike M De Graag, Catherina C Van Der Heijden, Vito V Sabato, Margo M MM Hagendorens, Chris H CH Bridts, Luc S LS De Clerck, Didier G DG Ebo

Indexed on: 19 Jul '14Published on: 19 Jul '14Published in: International archives of allergy and immunology



Abstract

Hazelnut allergy shows distinct clinical patterns that can be predicted through component-resolved diagnosis. However, identification of sensitization profiles remains incomplete.Sera of 75 patients allergic to hazelnuts, 14 infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) sensitized to hazelnuts, 15 hazelnut-tolerant individuals with specific IgE (sIgE) to hazelnuts and 15 healthy control individuals were tested for sIgE reactivity to rCor a 1.04, rCor a 8, nCor a 9, nCor a 11, rCor a 14, rBet v 1, rBet v 2 and cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs).Sensitization to Cor a 14 was observed in 18 out of 20 preschool children, 8 out of 10 school-aged children and 2 out of 7 adults with generalized reactions and in 3 out of 14 infants with AD. Only 2 out of 38 patients with an oral allergy syndrome (OAS) were sensitized to Cor a 14. No sensitization to Cor a 14 was observed in the group of hazelnut-tolerant and healthy control individuals. Sensitization to Cor a 1.04 was seen in 36 out of 38 OAS patients and in 14 out of 37 patients with generalized reactions. However, only 3 patients with generalized reactions were monosensitized to Cor a 1.04. Sensitization to Cor a 9 was observed in 26 out of 37 patients with generalized reactions and in 4 out of 14 infants with AD. Sensitization to Cor a 11, Cor a 8, rBet v 2 and CCDs was rare.Sensitization to Cor a 14 can have early onset and shows age-related variations. Together with Cor a 9, Cor a 14 enables us to correctly identify almost 90% of children with generalized reactions to hazelnut.