Indexed on: 04 Nov '04Published on: 04 Nov '04Published in: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Copper(II) complexes of bis(aminomethyl)phosphinic acid (L1), bis(N-glycino-N-methyl)phosphinic acid (L2), bis(N-benzylglycino-N-methyl)phosphinic acid (L3), bis(l-prolino-N-methyl)phosphinic acid (L4) and bis(iminodicarboxymethyl-N-methyl)phosphinic acid (L5) were studied in aqueous solution by pH-potentiometric and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic methods. The EPR spectrum packages recorded at various ligand-to-metal concentration ratios and pH's were analyzed (after matrix rank analysis by the method of residual intensities as a complementary method) by the two-dimensional computer simulation method, which simultaneously determines the formation constants and the EPR parameters of the various (micro)species. L1 forms mono and bis complexes in different protonation states; for the other ligands, the mono complexes are always prevalent. For steric reasons, the formation of CuL is shifted to increasingly higher pH regions in the sequence L2, L3 and L4. CuLH was identified for L3, L4 and L5, and also CuLH(2) for L4 and L5. Cu(2)L(2) was found in small amounts for L3 and L4, while it predominates at pH>4 for L5. For L5, Cu(2)L(2)H(2) was also detected. For the ligands that form dimeric metal complexes in equimolar solution or at a ligand excess, Cu(2)L is formed at a metal ion excess. Ligation of the phosphinate O was suggested by indirect proofs in the protonated complexes of L1. For the ligands L2, L3 and L4, the copper(II) coordination in various species in different protonation states is reminiscent of that in the mono and bis complexes of simple amino acids. For the bis(aminomethyl)phosphinates, however, the cis positions of the amino groups in CuL are ensured by the structure of the ligand, and the isomers differ from each other in the (equatorial or axial) position of the second carboxylate group.