Indexed on: 18 Nov '05Published on: 18 Nov '05Published in: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Spectroscopic and physicochemical data, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), solid-state (13)C cross-polarization magic-angle-spinning NMR, GC/MS, specific surface area, site density, and surface acidity constants have been recorded or determined for a ligno-cellulosic substrate (LS) extracted from straw. Its copper(II)-bound ability has also been studied. The LS solid that exhibits two types of binding sites, carboxylic and phenolic groups, has a great affinity for copper(II), with a maximum of adsorption at around 4 mg g(-1) as early as the pH reaches 6. The structural characterization of the Cu(II) surface complexes has been investigated using EPR spectroscopy. The CuO(4) chromophore of the inner-sphere surface complexes is a slightly distorted square. A surface oxidation occurred simultaneously, which leads to semiquinonic radicals. Furthermore, our empirical approach, which used a correlation between thermodynamics data and EPR parameters, has led to a surface complexation constant log beta equal to 12.6. This indicates that copper(II) surface complexes are relatively stable.