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Coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Brian D. Merry

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A coolable rotor blade having an airfoil having two serpentine passages is disclosed. Various construction details are developed for providing cooling to the leading edge region and the trailing edge region of the airfoil. In one detailed embodiment, the airfoil trip strips in the passages having constant height and constant pitch over each leg in most legs of the passages except for the legs closest to the edge regions of the airfoil.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic, perspective view partially broken away to show an industrial gas turbine engine in the installed condition;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a rotor assembly for the industrial gas turbine engine FIG. 1 with part of the rotor assembly broken away to show a portion of a rotor disk and a coolable rotor blade;

FIG. 3 is a side elevation view of the rotor blade shown in FIG. 2 which is broken away to show the interior of the rotor blade;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the lines

4

4 of FIG. 3 at about the forty (40) percent span of the airfoil showing a front serpentine passage, a rear serpentine passage and a third leading edge passage and showing the minimum height of the passage as measured in a chordwise extending plane;

FIG. 5 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of a portion of the serpentine passages showing an array of trip strips adjacent each leg of the passages at selected span locations on the airfoil with the remainder of the airfoil broken away for simplicity;

FIG. 6 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of the portions of the passages shown in FIG. 5 to show approximately the relative height of the trip strips to the minimum height of the passage.

FIG. 7 is a graphical representation of trip strip height in mils and the non-dimensional trip strip height to pitch ratio multiplied by 100 for the serially connected legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage.

FIG.

8A and FIG. 8B are graphical representations of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage similar to the graphical representation shown in FIG. 7, showing the three legs of each passage adjacent to each other and graphically representing the trip strip height in mils and the non-dimensional height to pitch ratio multiplied by 100;

FIG. 9 is a schematic, partial perspective view of a portion of one of the passages looking downstream with respect to the flowpath for cooling air to show the relationship of a trip strip to the adjacent structure of the airfoil and to the flowpath cooling air.

Claims

1. A coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine which has a front flowpath for cooling air and a rear flowpath for cooling air, an airfoil having a leading edge region, a trailing edge region and a midchord region disposed between the leading edge region and the trailing edge region, the airfoil having a suction sidewall and a pressure sidewall which are joined at the leading edge region and at the trailing edge region and spaced apart leaving a cavity therebetween through which at least a portion of the flowpaths for cooling air extend, a front serpentine passage and a rear serpentine passage extending in the cavity which each have an upstream direction and a downstream direction, which each are bounded by the suction sidewall, by the pressure sidewall, and by adjacent airfoil structure extending spanwise and between the walls, each serpentine passage having a first spanwise leg, a second spanwise leg and a third spanwise leg serially connected such that the associated portion of the flowpath extends through the legs for serially flowing a stream of cooling air under operative conditions from the midchord region through the first leg to the third leg in one of said edge regions of the airfoil from which third leg the stream of cooling air is discharged under operative conditions, which comprises:

wherein each leg of each serpentine passage which is downstream of another leg has a trip strip height to pitch ratio over at least a portion of the leg which is greater than that of the preceding leg to increase the heat transfer effectiveness of each downstream leg over that of the upstream leg as the cooling air in either serpentine passage moves closer to the associated edge region of the airfoil under operative conditions and wherein the pitch for each of the arrays of trip strips in each leg having trip strips is constant, except for the third leg of the rear serpentine passage, to promote ease of manufacture and inspectability while providing heat removal that emphasizes the edge regions over the midchord region.

2. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1, wherein the first, second, and third legs of the front serpentine passage each have array of trip strips and wherein the second leg and third leg of the second serpentine passage each have arrays of trip strips.

3. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein the airfoil further has a leading edge and a trailing edge, wherein each trip strip has an upstream side, wherein the spanwise airfoil structure bounding each serpentine passage has a portion that is closest to the associated edge region of the airfoil and wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage form an acute angle on the upstream side of each trip strip with said portion of the adjacent airfoil structure to drive a portion of the flowpath toward such structure to preferentially cool the edge regions of the airfoil under operative conditions.

4. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1, wherein the cooling air cavity has a front portion having the front serpentine passage and a rear portion having the rear serpentine passage, wherein the rotor blade has a root having a first cooling air duct through which the front flowpath for cooling air passes and which is in flow communication with the front portion of the cooling air cavity for supplying cooling air to the leading edge passage and the front serpentine passage, and having a second cooling air duct through which the rear flowpath for cooling air passes and which is in flow communication with the rear portion of the cooling air cavity for supplying cooling air to the rear serpentine passage and wherein each duct has an average cross-sectional area measured perpendicular to the associated flowpath at each location along the flowpath, and has an associated plenum which is adjacent the cavity and has an increase in average cross-sectional area as compared to the average cross-sectional area upstream of the plenum, and wherein the increase in cross-sectional area is adapted to reduce the velocity of the cooling air under operative conditions to increase the static pressure of the cooling air prior to entering the airfoil and reduces flow losses in the duct.

5. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein each trip strip has an upstream side, wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage form an acute angle on the upstream side of the trip strip with the spanwise airfoil structure bounding the passage which is closest to the associated edge region to drive a portion of cooling air flow toward such structure which is closest to the associated edge of the airfoil under operative conditions.

6. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein each trip strip has a convex cylindrical top portion having a radius equal to one-half of the height of the trip strip and a concave upstream side and downstream side forming a cylindrical transition to the sidewall having a radius equal to one-half of the height of the trip strip.

7. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein the height e of the trip strips in the first, second and third passage lies in a range of about ten (10) mils to about thirty (30) mils (10<=height=<30).

8. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein the airfoil further has a leading edge and a trailing edge, wherein a third leading edge passage extends spanwise and is disposed chordwise between the leading edge and the front serpentine passage, wherein the front flowpath for cooling air divides to provide part of the first flowpath to the front serpentine passage and part of the first flowpath to the third leading edge passage, wherein the third passage has at least one array of trip strips on the suction sidewall and at least one array of trip strips on the pressure sidewall to form at least two arrays of trip strips for the third passage, the trip strips of each sidewall being spaced spanwise one from the other with a pitch that is constant and spaced spanwise from and parallel to the trip strips on the other wall.

9. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 8 wherein the rotor blade has a root and a tip, wherein each trip strip of the third passage has a height measured from the adjacent portion of the sidewall and a trip strip height to pitch ratio and wherein the third passage has a first portion adjacent to the root and a second portion adjacent to the tip and wherein the second portion has a trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the first portion.

10. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein the airfoil further has a leading edge and a trailing edge, wherein a third passage is disposed between the leading edge and the third leg of the front serpentine passage, wherein each trip strip has an upstream side, and wherein each trip strip forms an acute angle on the upstream side of the trip strip with the adjacent stator structure bounding the third leg for driving a portion of cooling air flow toward that portion of the spanwise airfoil structure bounding the serpentine passage which is closest to the associated edge region to drive a portion of cooling air flow toward such structure under operative conditions.

11. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 7 wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and a rear serpentine passage form an acute angle on the upstream side of the trip strip with the spanwise airfoil structure bounding the passage which is closest to the associated edge region to drive a portion of cooling air flow toward such structure which is closest to the associated edge of the airfoil under operative conditions.

12. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 8 wherein the rotor blade has an interior and exterior, wherein the airfoil has a tip region and wherein the front serpentine passage, the rear serpentine passage and the third leading edge passage each have an end in the tip region and an exhaust opening which extends through the tip region of the airfoil to the exterior of the airfoil to place the end of each passage in flow communication with the exterior of the airfoil and wherein the trailing edge region has a plurality of cooling holes which extend in a generally chordwise direction through the trailing edge region to place the third leg of the rear passage in flow communication with the exterior of the airfoil.

13. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 1 wherein the third leg of the front serpentine passage and the third leg of the rear serpentine passage have an increased trip strip height as compared to the other legs of the associated passage over at least a portion of the third leg.

14. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 13 wherein the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage in the third leg of each passage have trip strips with both a trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio over at least a portion of the third leg which is greater than that of the second leg to provide a greater increase in heat transfer effectiveness of the third leg over the second leg than exists between the second leg and the first leg as the flow of cooling air proceeds in the downstream direction.

15. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 14 wherein the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage in the third leg of each passage have a first portion which receives cooling air from the second leg and a second portion outwardly of the first portion, and wherein the arrays of the trip strips for the third leg which are disposed in the second portion have a trip strip height and a trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the associated array in the first portion and greater than that of the corresponding array in the associated second leg and wherein the arrays of trip strips in the second leg have a trip strip characteristic selected from the group consisting of trip strip height or trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the corresponding trip strip characteristic of the first leg to sequentially increase the heat transfer effectiveness of the second and third legs in the downstream direction.

16. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 13 wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage that are disposed in the first leg and the second leg each have no increase in the trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio for the associated leg over the entire span of the leg which increases the ease of inspection and fabrication during manufacture of the airfoil and does not increase the disturbance of the flow from one portion to the next portion of the leg.

17. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 13 wherein the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage in the third leg of each passage have a first portion which receives cooling air from the second leg and a second portion outwardly of the first portion, and wherein the arrays of the trip strips for the third leg which are disposed in the second portion have a trip strip height and a trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the associated array in the first portion and greater than that of the corresponding array in the associated second leg and wherein the arrays of trip strips in the second leg have a trip strip characteristic selected from the group consisting of trip strip height or trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the corresponding trip strip characteristic of the first leg to sequentially increase the heat transfer effectiveness of the second and third legs in the downstream direction.

18. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 17 wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage that are disposed in the first leg and the second leg each have no increase in the trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio for the associated leg over the entire span of the leg which increases the ease of inspection and fabrication during manufacture of the airfoil and does not increase the disturbance of the flow from one portion to the next portion of the leg.

19. The coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine of claim 13 wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage that are disposed in the first leg and the second leg each have no increase in the trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio for the associated leg over the entire span of the leg which increases the ease of inspection and fabrication during manufacture of the airfoil and does not increase the disturbance of the flow from one portion to the next portion of the leg.

20. A coolable rotor blade for an industrial gas turbine engine having a rotor assembly, the coolable rotor blade having an exterior, which comprises:

wherein the first cooling air duct is in flow communication with the front portion of the cooling air cavity for supplying cooling air to the leading edge passage and the front serpentine passage, the second cooling air duct is in flow communication with the rear portion of the cooling air cavity for supplying cooling air to the rear serpentine passage and wherein the associated plenum of each cooling air duct is adjacent the cavity and has an increase in average cross-sectional area as compared to the first average cross-sectional area upstream of the plenum which is adapted to reduce the velocity of the cooling air under operative conditions to increase the static pressure of the cooling air and reduces flow losses in the duct;

wherein the front serpentine passage, the rear serpentine passage and the third leading edge passage each have an exhaust opening which extends through the tip region of the airfoil to the exterior of the airfoil to place the end of the passage in flow communication with the exterior of the airfoil and wherein the trailing edge wall has a plurality of cooling holes which extend in a generally chordwise direction through the trailing edge wall to place the third leg of the rear passage in flow communication with the exterior of the airfoil;

wherein the front serpentine passage, the rear serpentine passage and the third leading edge passage each have at least one array of trip strips on the suction sidewall and at least one array of trip strips on the pressure sidewall to form at least two arrays of trip strips for each passage, the trip strips of each sidewall being spaced spanwise one from the other with a pitch and spaced spanwise from the trip strips on the other wall, each trip strip having a height measured from the adjacent portion of the sidewall and a trip strip height to pitch ratio and each trip strip forming an acute angle on the upstream side with the spanwise airfoil structure that bounds the serpentine passage;

wherein the third passage disposed between the leading edge and the third leg of the forward most serpentine passage has a first portion adjacent to the root and a second portion adjacent to the tip and having a trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the first portion and wherein each trip strip forms an acute angle on the upstream side of the trip strip with the first rib for driving a portion of cooling air flow toward the forwardmost first rib under operative conditions;

wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage form an acute angle on the upstream side of the trip strip with the spanwise airfoil structure bounding the passage which is closest to the associated edge region to drive a portion of cooling air flow toward such structure which is closest to the associated edge of the airfoil under operative conditions;

wherein the arrays of trip strips in the legs of the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage that are disposed in the first leg and the second leg each have no increase in the trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio for the associated leg and over the entire leg which increases the ease of inspection and fabrication during manufacture of the airfoil;

wherein the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage in the third leg of each passage have trip strips with both a trip strip height and trip strip height to pitch ratio over at least a portion of the third leg which is greater than that of the second leg to provide a greater increase in heat transfer effectiveness of the third leg over the second leg than exists between the second leg and the first leg as the flow of cooling air proceeds in the downstream direction;

wherein the front serpentine passage and the rear serpentine passage in the third leg of each passage have a first portion which receives cooling air from the second leg and a second portion outwardly of the first portion, and wherein the arrays of the trip strips for the third leg which are disposed in the second portion have a trip strip height and a trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the associated array in the first portion and greater than that of the corresponding array in the second leg and wherein the arrays of trip strips in the second leg have a trip strip characteristic selected from the group consisting of trip strip height or trip strip height to pitch ratio which is greater than that of the corresponding trip strip characteristic of the first leg to sequentially increase the heat transfer effectiveness of the second and third legs in the downstream direction.