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Control over charge transfer through molecular wires by temperature and chemical structure modifications.

Research paper by Mateusz M Wielopolski, Gustavo G de Miguel Rojas, Cornelia C van der Pol, Linda L Brinkhaus, Georgios G Katsukis, Martin R MR Bryce, Timothy T Clark, Dirk M DM Guldi

Indexed on: 23 Oct '10Published on: 23 Oct '10Published in: ACS Nano



Abstract

A series of electron donor-acceptor arrays containing π-conjugated oligofluorenes (oFL) of variable length between a zinc porphyrin (ZnP) as electron donor and fullerene (C(60)) as electron acceptor have been prepared by following a convergent synthesis. The electronic interactions between the electroactive species were determined by cyclic voltammetry, UV-visible, fluorescence, and femto/nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. Our studies clearly confirm that, although the C(60) units are connected to the ZnP donor through π-conjugated oFL frameworks, no significant electronic interactions prevail in the ground state. Theoretical calculations predict that a long-range electron transfer occurs primarily due to a maximized π-conjugated pathway from the donor to the acceptor. Photoexcitation of ZnP-oFL(n)-C(60) results in transient absorption maxima at 715 and 1010 nm, which are unambiguously attributed to the photolytically generated radical ion pair state, [ZnP(•+)-oFL(n)-C(60)(•-)], with lifetimes in the microsecond time regime. Temperature-dependent photophysical experiments have shown that the charge-transfer mechanism is controllable by temperature. Both charge separation and charge recombination processes give rise to a molecular wire behavior of the oFL moiety with an attenuation factor (β) of 0.097 Å(-1). The correlation β to the connection pattern between the ZnP donor and the oFL linker revealed that even small alterations of the linker π-electron system break the homogeneous π-conjugation pattern, leading to higher values of β.