# CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY

Imported: 29 Mar '17 | Published: 10 Nov '11

Daisuke UCHIMOTO, Naoki INOUE, Yoju IMAMURA

USPTO - Utility Patents

## Abstract

A control IC controls a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage Vout to one terminal of an LED string which is driven in an intermittent manner. A sample-and-hold circuit performs sampling of a detection voltage Vs that corresponds to a driving voltage Vout in the on period, and holds the sampled detection voltage Vs in the off period. In the off period, a pulse modulator generates a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted such that a hold detection voltage VsH output from the sample-and-hold circuit matches the detection voltage Vs. A driver drives a switching transistor according to the pulse signal.

## Description

### BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a light emitting apparatus.

2. Description of the Related Art

In recent years, as a backlight of a liquid crystal panel or as an illumination device, a light emitting apparatus is employed, which is configured using a light emitting element such as an LED (light emitting diode) or the like. FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram which shows an example configuration of a light emitting apparatus according to a comparison technique. A light emitting apparatus 1003 includes multiple LED strings 1006_1 through 1006n, a switching power supply 1004, and a current driving circuit 1008.

Each LED string 1006 includes multiple LEDs connected in series. The switching power supply 1004 boosts an input voltage Vin, and supplies a driving voltage Vout to one terminal of each of the LED strings 1006_1 through 1006n.

The current driving circuit 1008 includes current sources CS1 through CSn which are respectively provided to the LED strings 1006_1 through 1006n. Each current source CS supplies, to the corresponding LED string 1006, a driving current ILED that corresponds to the target luminance level.

The switching power supply 1004 includes an output circuit 1102 and a control IC 1100. The output circuit 1102 includes an inductor L1, a switching transistor M1, a rectifier diode D1, and an output capacitor C1. The control IC 1100 controls the on/off duty ratio of the switching transistor M1 so as to adjust the driving voltage Vout.

### Patent Documents

• [Patent document 1]
• Japanese Patent Application Laid Open No. 2008-186668

With such a light emitting apparatus 1003, in some cases, in order to adjust the luminance level of each LED string 1006, a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) control operation is performed on the driving current ILED. Specifically, a PWM controller 1009 of the current driving circuit 1008 generates pulse signals PWM1 through PWMn each having a duty ratio that corresponds to the luminance level so as to perform a switching control operation on the respective current sources CS1 through CSn. Such a control operation is also referred to as the burst dimming control operation or burst control operation.

The load current (output current) Iout of the switching power supply 1004 is the sum of the LED currents. The PWM driving operation for the LED strings 1006 involves the switching of the load current Iout, leading to fluctuation in the output voltage Vout. The fluctuation in the output voltage Vout becomes a factor contributing to instability in the luminance level of the LED strings 1006. In a case in which such a light emitting apparatus 1003 is employed as a backlight of a liquid crystal panel or is employed as an illumination apparatus, this becomes a factor contributing to flicker, which is undesirable.

### SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention has been made in order to solve such a problem. Accordingly, it is an exemplary purpose of the present invention to provide a control circuit which is capable of stabilizing the output voltage in a PWM driving operation.

An embodiment of the present invention relates to a control circuit for a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of a light emitting element configured to be intermittently driven. The control circuit comprises: a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element; a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.

Such an embodiment is capable of maintaining the output voltage of the switching power supply at an appropriate level even when the light emitting element is switched between the on state and the off state.

Also, the sample-and-hold circuit may comprise: a capacitor arranged such that one terminal thereof is set to a fixed electric potential in the on period; a buffer configured to generate a voltage that corresponds to the detection voltage; and a switch arranged between the other terminal of the capacitor and an output terminal of the buffer, and configured to switch on in the on period of the light emitting element, and to switch off in the off period thereof. Also, the voltage that occurs at the capacitor may be output as the hold detection voltage.

Also, the pulse modulator may be configured to adjust the duty ratio of the pulse signal in the on period of the light emitting element such that a voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element matches a predetermined reference voltage.

Also, the control circuit may comprise: an error amplifier arranged such that the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element is input to a first input terminal thereof, the detection voltage is input to a second input terminal thereof, and a third input terminal thereof selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage in the on period and the hold detection voltage in the off period, and which is configured to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage and the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element in the on period, and to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage and the hold detection voltage in the off period; a pulse width modulator configured to generate, in the on period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal; and a pulse frequency modulator configured to generate, in the off period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal.

Another embodiment of the present invention relates to a light emitting apparatus. The light emitting apparatus comprises: a light emitting element; a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of the light emitting element; and a current driving circuit connected to the other terminal of the light emitting element, and configured to supply an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance. The switching power supply comprises: an output circuit comprising a switching element; and a control circuit according any one of the aforementioned embodiments, configured to drive the switching element.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention also relates to a light emitting apparatus. The light emitting apparatus comprises: multiple light emitting elements; a switching power supply configured to supply an independent driving voltage to one terminal of each of the multiple light emitting elements; and a current driving circuit configured to supply, to each of the multiple light emitting elements, an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance. The switching power supply comprises: an output circuit comprising a switching element; and a control circuit according to any one of the aforementioned embodiments, configured to drive the switching elements. The output circuit comprises: an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied; multiple output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements; an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal; multiple rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and multiple output capacitors respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and each arranged between a corresponding output terminal and the fixed voltage terminal.

Such an embodiment is capable of preventing the output voltage of the switching power supply from being greatly reduced in a period in which multiple light emitting elements are illuminated at the same time in a case in which the on periods of the multiple light emitting elements are shifted in a temporal manner. Thus, such an arrangement suppresses fluctuation in the luminance.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention relates to an electronic device. The electronic device comprises: a liquid crystal panel; and a light emitting apparatus according to any one of the aforementioned embodiments, arranged as a backlight of the liquid crystal panel.

It is to be noted that any arbitrary combination or rearrangement of the above-described structural components and so forth is effective as and encompassed by the present embodiments.

Moreover, this summary of the invention does not necessarily describe all necessary features so that the invention may also be a sub-combination of these described features.

### DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention will now be described based on preferred embodiments which do not intend to limit the scope of the present invention but exemplify the invention. All of the features and the combinations thereof described in the embodiment are not necessarily essential to the invention.

In the present specification, the state represented by the phrase the member A is connected to the member B includes a state in which the member A is indirectly connected to the member B via another member that does not substantially affect the electric connection therebetween, or that does not damage the functions or effects of the connection therebetween, in addition to a state in which the member A is physically and directly connected to the member B.

Similarly, the state represented by the phrase the member C is provided between the member A and the member B includes a state in which the member A is indirectly connected to the member C, or the member B is indirectly connected to the member C via another member that does not substantially affect the electric connection therebetween, or that does not damage the functions or effects of the connection therebetween, in addition to a state in which the member A is directly connected to the member C, or the member B is directly connected to the member C.

FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram which shows a configuration of an electronic device including a switching power supply according to an embodiment.

An electronic device 2 is configured as a battery-driven device such as a laptop PC, a digital still camera, a digital video camera, a cellular phone terminal, a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), or the like. The electronic device 2 includes a light emitting apparatus 3 and an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) panel 5. The light emitting apparatus 3 is arranged as a backlight of the LCD panel 5.

The light emitting apparatus 3 includes LED strings 6_1 through 6n each configured as a light emitting element, a current driving circuit 8, and a switching power supply 4.

Each LED string 6 includes multiple LEDs connected in series. The switching power supply 4 is configured as a step-up DC/DC converter. The switching power supply 4 is configured to boost the input voltage (e.g., battery voltage) Vin input to an input terminal P1, and to output an output voltage (driving voltage) Vout via an output terminal P2. One terminal (anode) of each of the multiple LED strings 6_1 through 6n is connected to the output terminal P2 so as to form a common anode terminal.

The switching power supply 4 includes a control IC 100 and an output circuit 102. The output circuit 102 includes an inductor L1, a rectifier diode D1, a switching transistor M1, and an output capacitor C1. The output circuit 102 has a typical topology, and accordingly, description thereof will be omitted.

A switching terminal P4 of the control IC 100 is connected to the gate of the switching transistor M1. The control IC 100 adjusts the on/off duty ratio of the switching transistor M1 by means of a feedback control operation so as to provide the output voltage Vout required to turn on the LED strings 6. It should be noted that the switching transistor M1 may be configured as a built-in component of the control IC 100.

The resistors R1 and R2 divide the output voltage Vout so as to generate a feedback voltage Vout that corresponds to the output voltage Vout. The feedback voltage Vout is input to a feedback terminal P3 (OVP terminal). When the feedback voltage Vout exceeds a threshold value, an overvoltage protection circuit (not shown) performs an overvoltage protection operation.

The current driving circuit 8 is connected to the other terminal (cathode) of each of the multiple LED strings 6_1 through 6n. The current driving circuit 8 respectively supplies, to the LED strings 6_1 through 6n, intermittent driving currents ILED1 through ILEDn that correspond to the respective target luminance levels. Specifically, the current driving circuit 8 includes multiple current sources CS1 through CSn respectively provided to the LED strings 6_1 through 6n, and a PWM controller 9. The i-th current source CSi is connected to the cathode of the corresponding i-th LED string 6i. The current source CSi is configured to be capable of switching its state between an operating (active) state in which it outputs a driving current ILEDi and an off state in which the supply of the driving current ILEDi is stopped. The PWM controller 9 generates control signals PWMi through PWMn each having a duty ratio that corresponds to the corresponding target luminance level, and outputs the control signals thus generated to the current sources CS1 through CSn. In a period of time (on period TON) in which the control signal PWMi is asserted (set to high level, for example), the corresponding current source CSi enters the operating state ON, thereby turning on the LED string 6i. In a period of time (off period TOFF) in which the control signal PWM1 is negated (set to low level, for example), the corresponding current source CSi is set to the off state OFF, thereby turning off the LED string 6i. By controlling the time ratio between the on period TON and the off period TOFF, such an arrangement is capable of controlling the effective value (time average) of the driving current TLED that flows through the LED string 6i, thereby allowing the luminance level to be adjusted.

The control IC 100 and the current driving circuit 8 are integrated on separate chips. Also, such components may be configured as a single package (module) or may be configured as separate packages. Alternatively, the control IC 100 and the current driving circuit 8 may be integrated on a single chip.

The above is the overall configuration of the light emitting apparatus 3. Next, description will be made regarding the configuration of the control IC 100. The control IC 100 includes LED terminals LED1 through LED respectively provided to the LED strings 6_1 through 6n. Each LED terminal LEDi is connected to the cathode terminal of the corresponding LED string 6i. It should be noted that there is not necessarily a need to provide such multiple LED strings. Also, the light emitting apparatus 3 may include a single LED string.

The control IC 100 principally includes a pulse modulator 19, a driver 28, a sample-and-hold circuit 30, and resistors R3 and R4. The resistors R3 and R4 divide the output voltage Vout input to the feedback terminal P3 so as to generate a detection voltage Vs that corresponds to the output voltage Vout.

The sample-and-hold circuit 30 performs sampling of the detection voltage Vs that corresponds to the driving voltage Vout in the on period TON in which the LED strings 6 are turned on, and holds the sampled detection voltage Vs in the off period TOFF in which the LED strings 6 are turned off. The sample-and-hold circuit 30 outputs the detection voltage (which will be referred to as the hold detection voltage) VsH thus held.

In the off period TOFF, the sample-and-hold circuit 30 shown in FIG. 2 outputs the hold detection voltage VsH that is slightly higher than the detection voltage Vs sampled in the on period TON, and specifically, that is on the order of 5% higher than the detection voltage Vs.

The sample-and-hold circuit 30 includes a buffer 32, a switch SW1, and a capacitor C2. The buffer 32 generates a voltage Vs that corresponds to the detection voltage Vs. The buffer 32 includes an operational amplifier OA1, a transistor M2, resistors R5 and R6, and a transistor M3. The transistor M2 and the resistors R5 and R6 are sequentially connected in series between the power supply terminal and the ground terminal. The operational amplifier OA1 is arranged such that the detection voltage Vs is input to the non-inverting input terminal thereof. The inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier OA1 is connected to a connection node that connects the transistor M2 and the resistor R5, which functions as an output terminal of the buffer 32. The buffer 32 outputs the voltage Vs which is equal to the detection voltage Vs.

The transistor M3 is arranged in parallel with the resistor R6. The transistor M3 receives, as an input signal via a control terminal (gate) thereof, a control signal PWM which is used to control the on period and the off period of the LED strings 6. The transistor M3 is turned on in the on period TON, and is turned off in the off period TOFF.

One terminal of the capacitor C2 is connected to a connection node that connects the resistors R5 and R6. When the transistor M3 is turned on in the on period TON, the aforementioned one terminal of the capacitor C2 is grounded, and thus, the aforementioned one terminal of the capacitor C2 is set to a fixed electric potential.

The switch SW1 is arranged between the other terminal of the capacitor C2 and the output terminal of the buffer 32. The on/off operation of the switch SW1 is controlled in synchronization with the control signal PWM. Specifically, the switch SW1 is turned on in the on period TON, and is turned off in the off period TOFF.

When the switch SW1 is turned on and the transistor M3 is turned on in the on period TON, the detection voltage Vs (=Vs) is applied to one terminal of the capacitor C2, and the other terminal of the capacitor C2 is grounded. As a result, the voltage VC2 that occurs between both terminals of the capacitor C2 becomes equal to the detection voltage Vs. Subsequently, when the switch SW1 is turned off and the transistor M3 is turned off in the off period TOFF, the hold detection voltage VsH is represented by the following Expression (1).

VsH=VC2+VR6(1)

Here, the relation VR6=VsR6/(R5+R6) holds true, and accordingly, the hold detection voltage VsH is represented by the following Expression (1a).

$VsH = Vs + Vs R 6 / ( R 5 + R 6 ) = ( 1 + R 6 / ( R 5 + R 6 ) ) Vs ( 1 a )$

By determining the resistance value so as to satisfy the relation R6/(R5+R6)=0.05, such an arrangement is capable of generating the hold detection voltage VsH that is 5% higher than the detection voltage Vs.

The pulse modulator 19 generates a pulse modulation signal SMOD having a duty ratio adjusted such that the detection voltage Vs matches the hold detection voltage VsH output from the sample-and-hold circuit 30 in the off period TOFF in which the LED strings 6 are turned off.

The pulse modulator 19 adjusts the duty ratio of the pulse signal SMOD such that the lowest of the voltages (LED terminal voltages) VLED1 through VLEDn that occur at the cathode terminals of the LED strings 6 matches a predetermined reference voltage Vref in the on period TON in which the LED strings 6 are turned on.

The pulse modulator 19 includes an error amplifier 22, a pulse width modulator 20, a pulse frequency modulator 27, and a switch SW4.

The error amplifier 22 includes multiple inverting input terminals () and a single non-inverting input terminal (+). The multiple inverting terminals (first input terminals) respectively receive the LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn as input signals. Furthermore, a different inverting input terminal (second input terminal) receives the detection voltage Vs as an input signal.

The non-inverting input terminal (third terminal) of the error amplifier 22 selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage Vref in the on period TON, and the hold detection voltage VsH in the off period TOFF. The switch SW2 receives the reference voltage Vref and the hold detection voltage VsH. When the control signal is high level (on period TON), the switch SW2 selects the reference voltage Vref, and when the control signal is low level (off period TOFF), the switch SW2 outputs the hold detection signal VsH.

The error amplifier 22 generates an error signal Verr that corresponds to the difference between the voltage at the non-inverting input terminal and the lowest of the voltages at the multiple inverting input terminals. A resistor R7 and a capacitor C3, which are used to perform phase compensation, are arranged in series between the output terminal of the error amplifier 22 and the ground terminal. The resistor R7 and the capacitor C3 are externally connected to the FB terminal of the control IC 100.

A switch SW3 receives a fixed voltage Vdd and the detection voltage Vs. In the on period TON, the switch SW3 outputs the fixed voltage Vdd, and in the off period TOFF, the switch SW3 outputs the detection voltage Vs. The fixed voltage Vdd is set to be higher than the voltage that can be attained by each of the multiple LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn in the on period TON. For example, the fixed voltage Vdd is configured as the power supply voltage.

By determining the fixed voltage Vdd as described above, such an arrangement provides a feedback control operation based upon the LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn in the on period TON. That is to say, the error amplifier 22 outputs an error signal Verr that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage Vref and the lowest of the LED terminal voltages VLED in the on period TON, and outputs an error signal Verr that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage Vs and the hold detection voltage VsH in the off period TOFF.

As the control method for the switching power supply 4, pulse width modulation (PWM) and pulse frequency modulation (PFM) are employed. The PWM method is highly responsive to the load, and the PFM method is highly efficient in the light load state. Thus, in the on period TON, in which the load is relatively heavy, the pulse modulator 19 generates the pulse signal SMOD by means of pulse width modulation. In the off period TOFF, which is a light load state, the pulse modulator 19 generate the pulse signal SMOD by means of pulse frequency modulation. Thus, such an arrangement provides the advantages of both high responsiveness to the load in the heavy load state and high efficiency in the light load state.

The output signal Verr of the error amplifier 22 is input to the input terminal of the switch SW4. In the on period TON, the switch SW4 activates a path to the pulse width modulator 20 side, and in the off period TOFF, the switch SW4 activates a path to the pulse frequency modulator 27 side.

In the on period TON, the pulse width modulator 20 is active, and generates a pulse signal Spwm having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal Verr. For example, the pulse width modulator 20 includes an oscillator 24 and a PWM comparator 26. The oscillator 24 generates a cyclic voltage Vosc having a triangle waveform or a sawtooth waveform. When the switch SW4 activates a path to the pulse width modulator 20 side, a feedback voltage VFB occurs at the FB terminal, which corresponds to the difference between the LED terminal voltage VLED and the reference voltage Vref. The PWM comparator 26 compares the feedback voltage VFB with the cyclic voltage Vosc, and generates the PWM signal Spwm having a level that corresponds to the comparison result.

The pulse frequency modulator 27 is active in the off period TOFF. The pulse frequency modulator 27 may be configured as a known pulse frequency modulator. When the switch SW4 activates a path to the pulse frequency modulator 27 side, the output terminal of the error amplifier 22 is disconnected from the resistor R7 and the capacitor C3. As a result, the error amplifier 22 operates like a voltage comparator. Thus, the error signal Verr has an edge at a timing at which the detection voltage Vs crosses the hold detection voltage VsH. The pulse frequency modulator 27 generates a PFM signal Spfm which is set to high level for a predetermined period (minimum on period) on receiving an edge of the error signal Verr. While the switching transistor M1 is turned on in the minimum on period, the output voltage Vout slightly rises. Subsequently, the switching transistor M1 is continuously set to off, which reduces the output voltage Vout. Subsequently, when the detection voltage Vs falls to the hold detection voltage VsH, an edge occurs again in the error signal Verr, which turns on the switching transistor M1. Such an operation is repeated in the PFM control operation.

It should be noted that the FB terminal is set to the high impedance state in a state in which the switch SW4 activates a path to the pulse frequency modulator 27 side in the off period TOFF, and accordingly, the feedback voltage VFB that occurs at the FB terminal is held. Thus, such an arrangement prevents the feedback voltage VFB from being discontinuous when returning to the on period TON from the off period TOFF.

In the on period TON, the pulse modulator 19 outputs the PWM signal Spwm as the pulse signal SMOD. In the off period TOFF, the pulse modulator 19 outputs the PFM signal Spfm as the pulse signal SMOD. The driver 28 drives the switching transistor M1 according to the pulse signal SMOD.

The above is the configuration of the control IC 100.

Next, description will be made regarding the operation of the light emitting apparatus 3. FIG. 3 is a waveform diagram which shows the operation of the light emitting apparatus 3 shown in FIG. 2. From the top and in the following order, FIG. 3 shows the control signal PWM, the feedback voltage VEB (solid line), the output voltage Vout (solid line), and the driving current ILED (solid line). The vertical axis and the horizontal axis in the waveform diagrams and the time charts in the present specification are expanded or reduced as appropriate for ease of understanding. Also, each waveform shown in the drawing is simplified for ease of understanding.

Before the time point to, the control signal PWM is set to high level, which corresponds to the on period TON. In this period, the driving currents ILED1 through ILEDn are respectively supplied to the LED strings 6_1 through 6n. With the voltage drops that occur at the respective LED strings 6_1 through 6n as Vf1 through Vfn, the LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn are respectively represented by (VoutVf1) through (VoutVfn). That is to say, as a larger voltage drop Vf occurs at a channel, the LED terminal voltage VLED becomes lower at that channel.

In the on period TON, the output voltage Vout is maintained such that the reference voltage Vref matches the lowest of the voltages VLED at the multiple LED terminals. Furthermore, in this stage, the sample-and-hold circuit 30 generates the hold detection voltage VsH, which is slightly higher than the detection voltage Vs that occurs in the on period TON.

When the control signal PWM is switched to low level at the time point t0, the period is switched to the off period TOFF. In this state, the driving current ILED becomes zero, and accordingly, the voltage drop that occurs at each of the channels, i.e., at each of the LED strings 6_1 through 6n, becomes zero. As a result, the LED terminal voltage VLED rises to the vicinity of the output voltage Vout.

In the off period TOFF, a feedback control operation is performed on the output voltage Vout such that the detection voltage Vs becomes equal to the hold detection voltage VsH. That is to say, in the off period TOFF, the output voltage Vout (Vs) is held at a level that is slightly higher than the output voltage Vout (Vs) generated in the previous on period TON immediately before the current off period TOFF.

Furthermore, in the off period TOFF, the FB terminal is disconnected from the error amplifier 22. Thus the feedback voltage VFB is maintained in the off period TOFF at approximately the same voltage level as that in the on period TON.

At the time point t1, the control signal PWM is switched to high level, thereby switching to the on period TON. In this stage, the output voltage Vout is maintained at a sufficiently high voltage, which allows the driving current ILED to immediately flow through the LED strings 6. Thus, such an arrangement requires only a short period of time for light to be emitted.

When the switch SW4 is connected to the pulse width modulator 20 side at the time point t1, a feedback control operation is resumed via a path including the error amplifier 22 and the pulse width modulator 20. In this stage, the voltage VFB at the FB terminal is maintained at the same voltage level as that in the previous on period. Thus, such an arrangement is capable of returning the output voltage Vout to the previous voltage level in a short period of time.

The above is the operation of the light emitting apparatus 3. The advantages of the light emitting apparatus can be clearly understood in comparison with comparison techniques. FIGS. 4A and 4B are circuit diagrams respectively showing control ICs 1100a and 1100b according comparison techniques.

With the control IC 1100a shown in FIG. 4A, the switches SW10a and SW10b are turned on in the on period TON, and are turned off in the off period TOFF. Accordingly, in the on period TON, the duty ratio of the pulse signal Spwm is adjusted such that the reference voltage Vref matches the lowest of the LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn. In the off period TOFF, the switches SW10a and SW10b are turned off, which disconnects the feedback circuit. In this state, the control operation for the switching transistor M1 is stopped. As a result, the output voltage Vout gradually drops due to self-discharge.

In the off period TOFF, the switches SW10a and SW10b are turned off, which sets the FB terminal to the high-impedance state. In this state, the feedback voltage VFB is maintained at a constant voltage level. Subsequently, after switching to the next on period TON, the duty ratio control operation for the switching transistor M1 is resumed with the feedback voltage VFB thus held as the start point, thereby returning the output voltage Vout, which had dropped due to self-discharge, to the previous voltage level.

As described above, with the control IC 1100a shown in FIG. 4A, the feedback control operation is stopped in the off period TOFF, leading to a reduction in the output voltage Vout due to self-discharge. Accordingly, a long off period TOFF leads to an extreme reduction in the output voltage Vout, and thus a long period of time is required to return the output voltage Vout to the previous voltage level in the next on period TON. That is to say, such an arrangement has a problem in that a long period of time is required to turn on the LED strings 6 again.

With the control IC 1100b shown in FIG. 4B, in the on period TON, the duty ratio of the pulse signal Spwm is adjusted such that the reference voltage Vref matches the lowest of the LED terminal voltages VLED1 through VLEDn. Furthermore, in the off period TOFF, the duty ratio of the pulse signal Spwm is adjusted such that the reference voltage Vref matches the detection voltage Vs that corresponds to the output voltage Vout.

In a given off period TOFF, a feedback control operation is performed such that the reference voltage Vref matches the detection voltage Vs obtained by dividing the output voltage Vout. The voltage level of the output voltage Vout in this state is represented by Vout1.

In the next on period TON, if the feedback control operation is performed such that the reference voltage Vref matches the LED terminal voltage VLED1, the target value Vout2 of the output voltage Vout is represented by Vout2=Vtef+Vf1. Here, Vf1 represents the voltage drop that occurs when the driving current ILED1 flows through the LED string 6_1.

That is to say, if there is a large difference between the voltage level Vout1 of the output voltage Vout in the off period TOFF and the target voltage Vout2 in the on period TON, a long period of time is required to raise the output voltage Vout up to the voltage level required to turn on the LED strings 6. This leads to a long period of time being required to turn on the LED strings 6 again, which is a problem.

As represented by the waveform shown in FIG. 3, with the light emitting apparatus 3 shown in FIG. 2, the output voltage Vout is maintained at a suitable voltage level in both the on period TON and the off period TOFF, and fluctuation in the voltage level can be suppressed. This provides an advantage of a reduced period of time being required to turn on the LED strings 6.

Furthermore, the control IC 100 shown in FIG. 2 generates the hold detection voltage VsH that is slightly higher than the detection voltage Vs that occurs in the on period TON. Accordingly, even if the voltage drop Vf that occurs in a given on period is greater than that which occurred in the previous on period, i.e., even if the driving current ILED is switched to a higher level, a sufficiently high output voltage Vout is supplied to the LED strings 6, and thereby only a short period of time is required to emit light.

However, in some cases, such an arrangement configured to generate the hold detection voltage VsH that is slightly higher than the detection voltage Vs that occurs in the on period TON has the following problem. That is to say, in a case in which the output voltage Vout is maintained in the off period TOFF at a level higher than that which occurs in the on period TON, in some cases, undershoot momentarily occurs in the output voltage Vout immediately after the transition to the next on period TON. FIG. 3 shows such a situation. Such undershoot that occurs in the output voltage Vout leads to fluctuation in the driving current ILED resulting in a slight fluctuation in the luminance. In some cases, depending on the application, such fluctuation in luminance would amount to an undesirable situation.

In such a case, contrary to the circuit shown in FIG. 2, the hold detection voltage VsH should be generated so as to be slightly lower than the detection voltage Vs that occurs in the on period TON. The sample-and-hold circuit 30 may be configured to be capable of generating such a hold detection voltage VsH, which can be designed by those skilled in this art based upon the circuit diagram shown in FIG. 2. As an example, an arrangement may be made in which the transistor M3 is eliminated, the resistor R6 is shorted to the ground, and a resistor R8 is arranged between the inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier OA1 and the source of the transistor M2. In this case, the hold detection voltage VsH is represented by VsH=VsR5/(R5+R8).

With such an arrangement, the waveforms are represented by the lines of dashes and dots shown in FIG. 3. Although such an arrangement has a disadvantage of a slightly increased period of time being required for the driving current ILED to reach the target level, such an arrangement suppresses ripple, thereby preventing flicker. It should be noted that such an arrangement also requires only a short period of time for the LED strings 6 to be illuminated, as compared with the configurations shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B.

Also, an arrangement may be made that is configured to generate the hold detection voltage VsH having the same voltage level as that of the detection voltage Vs that occurs in the on period TON. Such an arrangement provides characteristics that are intermediate between those represented by the solid lines and those represented by the lines of dashes and dots. With such an arrangement, the buffer 32 may be configured as a so-called voltage follower circuit.

That is to say, by optimizing the voltage level of the hold detection voltage VsH, such an arrangement is capable of providing the optimum waveform for an application of the light emitting apparatus 3.

Next, description will be made regarding another technique for suppressing fluctuation in the output voltage Vout.

In some cases, with the light emitting apparatus 3 shown in FIG. 2, the on periods of the respective LED strings 6_1 through 6n are shifted in a temporal manner. With such an arrangement, the number of LED strings 6 that are to be simultaneously turned on changes over time. This means that fluctuation occurs in the load of the switching power supply 4. Accordingly, this leads to fluctuation in the output voltage Vout, which becomes a factor contributing to fluctuation in luminance.

FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram which shows configuration of a switching power supply 4a according to a modification. An output circuit 102a shown in FIG. 5 includes output terminals P21 through P2n respectively provided to the multiple LED strings 6_1 through 6n. One terminal of each of the multiple rectifier diodes D11 through D1n is connected to a corresponding one of the output terminals P21 through P2n. Furthermore, the other terminal of each rectifier diode is connected to a connection node that connects the switching transistor M1 and the inductor L1. Multiple output capacitors C11 through C1n are arranged between the respective output terminals P21 through P2n and the fixed voltage terminal (ground terminal).

FIG. 6A is a waveform diagram which shows the operation of the switching power supply 4a shown in FIG. 5. FIG. 6A shows the operation of an arrangement in which n=2. As a comparative example, FIG. 6B shows the waveform diagram in a case in which the output circuit 102 shown in FIG. 2 is employed. In a case in which the output circuit 102 shown in FIG. 2 is employed, if the response speed of the feedback loop is insufficient, the output voltage Vout drops in a period in which the LED strings 6_1 and 6_2 are turned on at the same time. In some cases, this leads to reduction in the driving currents ILED1 and ILED2, resulting in a reduction in luminance.

In contrast, with the switching power supply 4a shown in FIG. 5, the output voltages Vout are independently generated for each individual load, as shown in FIG. 6A. This reduces fluctuation in each output voltage Vout, thereby suppressing fluctuation in the driving currents ILED1 and ILED2.

Description has been made regarding the prevent invention with reference to the embodiments. The above-described embodiments have been described for exemplary purposes only, and are by no means intended to be interpreted restrictively. Rather, various modifications may be made by making various combinations of the aforementioned components or processes, which are also encompassed in the technical scope of the present invention. Description will be made below regarding such modifications.

Description has been made in the embodiment regarding an arrangement in which the control IC 100 performs the PFM control operation in the off period TOFF. Also, the control IC 100 may perform the PWM control operation in the off period TOFF.

Description has been made in the embodiment regarding a non-isolated switching power supply employing an inductor. Also, the present invention can be applied to an isolated switching power supply employing a transformer.

Description has been made in the embodiment regarding an electronic device as an application of the light emitting apparatus 3. However, the application of the light emitting apparatus 3 is not restricted in particular. Also, the light emitting apparatus 3 can be applied to an illumination device and so forth.

The settings of the logical signals, such as the high-level state and the low-level state of the signals, have been described in the present embodiment for exemplary purposes only. The settings can be freely modified by inverting the signals using inverters or the like.

While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described using specific terms, such description is for illustrative purposes only, and it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the appended claims.

## Claims

1. A control circuit for a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of a light emitting element configured to be intermittently driven, the control circuit comprising:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
2. A control circuit according to claim 1, wherein the sample-and-hold circuit comprises:
a capacitor arranged such that one terminal thereof is set to a fixed electric potential in the on period;
a buffer configured to generate a voltage that corresponds to the detection voltage; and
a switch arranged between the other terminal of the capacitor and an output terminal of the buffer, and configured to switch on in the on period of the light emitting element, and to switch off in the off period thereof,
and wherein the voltage that occurs at the capacitor is output as the hold detection voltage.
a capacitor arranged such that one terminal thereof is set to a fixed electric potential in the on period;
a buffer configured to generate a voltage that corresponds to the detection voltage; and
a switch arranged between the other terminal of the capacitor and an output terminal of the buffer, and configured to switch on in the on period of the light emitting element, and to switch off in the off period thereof,
and wherein the voltage that occurs at the capacitor is output as the hold detection voltage.
3. A control circuit according to claim 1, wherein the pulse modulator is configured to adjust the duty ratio of the pulse signal in the on period of the light emitting element such that a voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element matches a predetermined reference voltage.
4. A control circuit according to claim 2, wherein the pulse modulator is configured to adjust the duty ratio of the pulse signal in the on period of the light emitting element such that a voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element matches a predetermined reference voltage.
5. A control circuit according to claim 3, comprising:
an error amplifier arranged such that the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element is input to a first input terminal thereof, the detection voltage is input to a second input terminal thereof, and a third input terminal thereof selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage in the on period and the hold detection voltage in the off period, and which is configured to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage and the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element in the on period, and to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage and the hold detection voltage in the off period;
a pulse width modulator configured to generate, in the on period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal; and
a pulse frequency modulator configured to generate, in the off period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal.
an error amplifier arranged such that the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element is input to a first input terminal thereof, the detection voltage is input to a second input terminal thereof, and a third input terminal thereof selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage in the on period and the hold detection voltage in the off period, and which is configured to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage and the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element in the on period, and to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage and the hold detection voltage in the off period;
a pulse width modulator configured to generate, in the on period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal; and
a pulse frequency modulator configured to generate, in the off period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal.
6. A control circuit according to claim 4, comprising:
an error amplifier arranged such that the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element is input to a first input terminal thereof, the detection voltage is input to a second input terminal thereof, and a third input terminal thereof selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage in the on period and the hold detection voltage in the off period, and which is configured to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage and the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element in the on period, and to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage and the hold detection voltage in the off period;
a pulse width modulator configured to generate, in the on period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal; and
a pulse frequency modulator configured to generate, in the off period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal.
an error amplifier arranged such that the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element is input to a first input terminal thereof, the detection voltage is input to a second input terminal thereof, and a third input terminal thereof selectively receives, as an input signal, the reference voltage in the on period and the hold detection voltage in the off period, and which is configured to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the reference voltage and the voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element in the on period, and to output an error signal that corresponds to the difference between the detection voltage and the hold detection voltage in the off period;
a pulse width modulator configured to generate, in the on period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal; and
a pulse frequency modulator configured to generate, in the off period, a pulse signal having a duty ratio that corresponds to the error signal.
7. A control circuit according to claim 5, wherein the pulse modulator further comprises:
a feedback terminal via which a resistor and a capacitor, which are used for phase compensation, are connected;
a switch configured to receive the error signal, and to output the error signal thus received to the feedback terminal in the on period, and to output the error signal thus received to the pulse frequency modulator in the off period,
and wherein the pulse width modulator is configured to generate the pulse signal according to a voltage at the feedback terminal.
a feedback terminal via which a resistor and a capacitor, which are used for phase compensation, are connected;
a switch configured to receive the error signal, and to output the error signal thus received to the feedback terminal in the on period, and to output the error signal thus received to the pulse frequency modulator in the off period,
and wherein the pulse width modulator is configured to generate the pulse signal according to a voltage at the feedback terminal.
8. A control circuit according to claim 6, wherein the pulse modulator further comprises:
a feedback terminal via which a resistor and a capacitor, which are used for phase compensation, are connected;
a switch configured to receive the error signal, and to output the error signal thus received to the feedback terminal in the on period, and to output the error signal thus received to the pulse frequency modulator in the off period,
and wherein the pulse width modulator is configured to generate the pulse signal according to a voltage at the feedback terminal.
a feedback terminal via which a resistor and a capacitor, which are used for phase compensation, are connected;
a switch configured to receive the error signal, and to output the error signal thus received to the feedback terminal in the on period, and to output the error signal thus received to the pulse frequency modulator in the off period,
and wherein the pulse width modulator is configured to generate the pulse signal according to a voltage at the feedback terminal.
9. A light emitting apparatus comprising:
a light emitting element;
a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of the light emitting element; and
a current driving circuit connected to the other terminal of the light emitting element, and configured to supply an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching element, the control circuit comprising:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
a light emitting element;
a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of the light emitting element; and
a current driving circuit connected to the other terminal of the light emitting element, and configured to supply an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching element, the control circuit comprising:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
10. A light emitting apparatus comprising:
a plurality of light emitting elements;
a switching power supply configured to supply an independent driving voltage to one terminal of each of the plurality of light emitting elements; and
a current driving circuit configured to supply, to each of the plurality of light emitting elements, an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
and wherein the control circuit comprises:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal,
and wherein the output circuit comprises:
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
a plurality of output capacitors respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and each arranged between a corresponding output terminal and the fixed voltage terminal.
a plurality of light emitting elements;
a switching power supply configured to supply an independent driving voltage to one terminal of each of the plurality of light emitting elements; and
a current driving circuit configured to supply, to each of the plurality of light emitting elements, an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
and wherein the control circuit comprises:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal,
and wherein the output circuit comprises:
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
a plurality of output capacitors respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and each arranged between a corresponding output terminal and the fixed voltage terminal.
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
11. An electronic device comprising:
a liquid crystal panel; and
a light emitting apparatus arranged as a backlight of the liquid crystal panel, the light emitting apparatus comprising:
a light emitting element;
a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of the light emitting element; and
a current driving circuit connected to the other terminal of the light emitting element, and configured to supply an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching element, the control circuit comprising:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
a liquid crystal panel; and
a light emitting apparatus arranged as a backlight of the liquid crystal panel, the light emitting apparatus comprising:
a light emitting element;
a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of the light emitting element; and
a current driving circuit connected to the other terminal of the light emitting element, and configured to supply an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching element, the control circuit comprising:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
12. An electronic device comprising:
a liquid crystal panel; and
a light emitting apparatus arranged as a backlight of the liquid crystal panel, the light emitting apparatus comprising:
a plurality of light emitting elements;
a switching power supply configured to supply an independent driving voltage to one terminal of each of the plurality of light emitting elements; and
a current driving circuit configured to supply, to each of the plurality of light emitting elements, an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
and wherein the control circuit comprises:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal, and wherein the output circuit comprises:
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
a plurality of output capacitors respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and each arranged between a corresponding output terminal and the fixed voltage terminal.
a liquid crystal panel; and
a light emitting apparatus arranged as a backlight of the liquid crystal panel, the light emitting apparatus comprising:
a plurality of light emitting elements;
a switching power supply configured to supply an independent driving voltage to one terminal of each of the plurality of light emitting elements; and
a current driving circuit configured to supply, to each of the plurality of light emitting elements, an intermittent driving current that corresponds to a target luminance,
wherein the switching power supply comprises:
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
and wherein the control circuit comprises:
a sample-and-hold circuit configured to perform sampling of a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage generated in an on period of the light emitting element, and to hold the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
a pulse modulator configured to generate a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in an off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches a hold detection voltage output from the sample-and-hold circuit; and
a driver configured to drive a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal, and wherein the output circuit comprises:
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
a plurality of output capacitors respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and each arranged between a corresponding output terminal and the fixed voltage terminal.
an output circuit comprising a switching element; and
a control circuit configured to drive the switching elements,
an input terminal via which an input voltage is to be applied;
a plurality of output terminals via which the driving voltages are respectively output to the respective multiple light emitting elements;
an inductor and a switching element sequentially connected in series between the input terminal and a fixed voltage terminal;
a plurality of rectifier elements respectively provided to the multiple output terminals, and arranged such that one terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a corresponding output terminal, and the other terminal of each of the rectifier elements is connected to a connection node that connects the inductor and the switching element; and
13. A control method for a switching power supply configured to supply a driving voltage to one terminal of a light emitting element configured to be driven in an intermittent manner, the control method comprising:
sampling a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage in an on period of the light emitting element, and holding the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
generating a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in the off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches the aforementioned held detection voltage; and
driving a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
sampling a detection voltage that corresponds to the driving voltage in an on period of the light emitting element, and holding the detection voltage thus sampled in an off period of the light emitting element;
generating a pulse signal having a duty ratio adjusted in the off period of the light emitting element such that the detection voltage matches the aforementioned held detection voltage; and
driving a switching element of the switching power supply according to the pulse signal.
14. A control method according to claim 13, further comprising adjusting the duty ratio of the pulse signal such that a voltage that occurs at the other terminal of the light emitting element matches a predetermined reference voltage in the on period of the light emitting element.