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Continuous localization and mapping of a pan–tilt–zoom camera for wide area tracking

Research paper by Giuseppe Lisanti, Iacopo Masi; Federico Pernici; Alberto Del�Bimbo

Indexed on: 11 Aug '16Published on: 26 Jul '16Published in: Machine Vision and Applications



Abstract

Abstract Pan–tilt–zoom (PTZ) cameras are well suited for object identification and recognition in far-field scenes. However, the effective use of PTZ cameras is complicated by the fact that a continuous online camera calibration is needed and the absolute pan, tilt and zoom values provided by the camera actuators cannot be used because they are not synchronized with the video stream. So, accurate calibration must be directly extracted from the visual content of the frames. Moreover, the large and abrupt scale changes, the scene background changes due to the camera operation and the need of camera motion compensation make target tracking with these cameras extremely challenging. In this paper, we present a solution that provides continuous online calibration of PTZ cameras which is robust to rapid camera motion, changes of the environment due to varying illumination or moving objects. The approach also scales beyond thousands of scene landmarks extracted with the SURF keypoint detector. The method directly derives the relationship between the position of a target in the ground plane and the corresponding scale and position in the image and allows real-time tracking of multiple targets with high and stable degree of accuracy even at far distances and any zoom level.AbstractPan–tilt–zoom (PTZ) cameras are well suited for object identification and recognition in far-field scenes. However, the effective use of PTZ cameras is complicated by the fact that a continuous online camera calibration is needed and the absolute pan, tilt and zoom values provided by the camera actuators cannot be used because they are not synchronized with the video stream. So, accurate calibration must be directly extracted from the visual content of the frames. Moreover, the large and abrupt scale changes, the scene background changes due to the camera operation and the need of camera motion compensation make target tracking with these cameras extremely challenging. In this paper, we present a solution that provides continuous online calibration of PTZ cameras which is robust to rapid camera motion, changes of the environment due to varying illumination or moving objects. The approach also scales beyond thousands of scene landmarks extracted with the SURF keypoint detector. The method directly derives the relationship between the position of a target in the ground plane and the corresponding scale and position in the image and allows real-time tracking of multiple targets with high and stable degree of accuracy even at far distances and any zoom level.