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Consequences of oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction on the fatty acid profile of muscle of Indian Major Carps considering metal toxicity.

Research paper by Debjit D Das, Payel P Das, Mahammed M Moniruzzaman, Mousumi M Poddar Sarkar, Joyita J Mukherjee, Suman Bhusan SB Chakraborty

Indexed on: 29 May '18Published on: 29 May '18Published in: Chemosphere



Abstract

Current study aims to find interrelation between mitochondrial enzyme function and fatty acid profile in fish muscle and role of antioxidant agents to maintain their balance in response to metal accumulation. Fishes (Labeo rohita, Catla catla, Cirrhinus cirrhosus) were collected from two sites (Nalban Bheri and Diamond Harbour, India). Concentrations of metals (lead, cadmium, copper, nickel, zinc), enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activity (malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase), muscle enzyme activity (acetylcholinesterase, succinate dehydrogenase, lactate dehydrogenase, CaATPase, AMP-deaminase, lipoamide reductase, cytochrome C oxidase, aldolase) and fatty acid composition in muscle tissues were analyzed. Metal concentrations were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in fish muscles from Nalban compared to those in Diamond Harbour. Increased activity of antioxidant enzymes was noted with diminished mitochondrial enzymes activity and altered fatty acid composition in response to higher metal accumulation. Higher metal concentration in fish muscle of Nalban seems to significantly (P < 0.05) affect poly and monounsaturated fatty acid content, possibly due to oxidative damage and accumulation of hazardous reactive oxygen species (ROS) molecules. Changes in fatty acid contents following metal accumulation were observed to be species specific. Current study is the first correlative study to illuminate the level of oxidative damage and possible consequences on muscle cellular integrity, mitochondrial functionality and flesh quality against bioaccumulation of different metals in carps. Future studies are needed to quantify the relative contributions of enzymatic and low-molecular-mass antioxidants in protecting mitochondrial function and maintenance of proper fatty acid oxidation during acclimation to long term metal exposure. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.