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Congruences Involving Multiple Harmonic Sums and Finite Multiple Zeta Values

Research paper by Jianqiang Zhao

Indexed on: 08 Jan '16Published on: 08 Jan '16Published in: Mathematics - Number Theory



Abstract

Let $p$ be a prime and ${\mathfrak P}_p$ the set of positive integers which are prime to $p$. Recently, Wang and Cai proved that for every positive integer $r$ and prime $p>2$ $$ \sum_{\substack{i+j+k=p^r\\ i,j,k\in{\mathfrak P}_p}} \frac1{ijk} \equiv -2p^{r-1} B_{p-3} \pmod{p^r}, $$ where $B_{p-3}$ is the $(p-3)$-rd Bernoulli number. In this paper we prove the following analogous result: Let $n=2$ or $4$. Then for every positive integer $r\ge n/2$ and prime $p>4$ $$ \sum_{\substack{i_1+\cdots+i_n=p^r\\ i_1,\dots,i_n\in{\mathfrak P}_p}} \frac1{i_1i_2\cdots i_n} \equiv -\frac{n!}{n+1} p^{r} B_{p-n-1} \pmod{p^{r+1}}. $$ Moreover, by using integer relation detecting tool PSLQ we can show that generalizations with larger integers $n$ should involving finite multiple zeta values generated by Bernoulli numbers.