Indexed on: 16 Jun '20Published on: 12 Jun '20Published in: arXiv - Physics - Computational Physics
The isothermal gas sphere is well known as a powerful tool to model many problems in astrophysics, physics, chemistry, and engineering. This singular differential equation has not an exact solution and solved only by numerical and approximate methods. In the present paper and within the framework of the Newtonian hydrostatic equilibrium, we have developed general analytical formulations for the fractional isothermal gas sphere. To obtain analytical expressions for mass, radius, and density, besides the fractional isothermal gas sphere, we used the conformable fractional calculus. Using the series expansion method, we obtained a general recurrences relation, which allows us to determine the series coefficients. The comparison of the series solution with the numerical ones for the fractional parameter \alpha=1 is good for dimensional parameters up to x=3.2, beyond this value, the series diverges. We applied a combination of Euler-Abel and Pade techniques to accelerate the series, therefore accelerated series converge to the numerical desired value. We analyzed some physical parameters of a typical model of the neutron stars such as the mass-radius relation, density, and pressure ratio for different models. We found that the current models of the conformable neutron stars had smaller volumes and masses than both stars in the context of modified Rienmann-Liouville derivatives as well as the integer one.