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Confined transverse electric phonon polaritons in hexagonal boron nitrides

Research paper by Muhyiddeen Yahya Musa, Maturi Renuka, Xiao Lin, Rujiang Li, Huaping Wang, Erping Li, Baile Zhang Hongsheng Chen

Indexed on: 23 Nov '17Published on: 08 Nov '17Published in: 2D Materials



Abstract

We predict the existence of confined transverse electric (TE) phonon polaritons in an ultrathin hexagonal boron nitride ( h BN) slab below h BN’s second transverse optical frequency. The skin depth of TE phonon polaritons can be decreased to subwavelength scale by increasing the thickness of h BN to several nanometers. Due to the strong spatial confinement, these TE phonon polaritons, different from TE graphene plasmons, can stably exist even when the permittivities of the superstrate and substrate are largely different. These revealed advantages of TE phonon polaritons might lead to potential applications of h BN in the manipulation of TE waves, such as the design of novel waveguides, polarizers, and the exploration of negative refraction between TE polaritons.