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Configurational force on a lattice dislocation and the Peierls stress

Research paper by V. A. Lubarda, X. Markenscoff

Indexed on: 01 Sep '06Published on: 01 Sep '06Published in: Archive of Applied Mechanics



Abstract

The solution for a crystalline edge dislocation is presented within a framework of continuum linear elasticity, and is compared with the Peierls–Nabarro solution based on a semi-discrete method. The atomic disregistry and the shear stress across the glide plane are discussed. The Peach–Koehler configurational force is introduced as the gradient of the strain energy with respect to the dislocation position between its two consecutive equilibrium positions. The core radius is assumed to vary periodically between equilibrium positions of the dislocation. The critical force is expressed in terms of the core radii or the energies of the stable and unstable equilibrium configurations. This is used to estimate the Peierls stress for both wide and narrow dislocations.