Indexed on: 26 Oct '18Published on: 25 Oct '18Published in: Current Genetics
Condensin is a multi-subunit protein complex that belongs to the family of structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) complexes. Condensins regulate chromosome structure in a wide range of processes including chromosome segregation, gene regulation, DNA repair and recombination. Recent research defined the structural features and molecular activities of condensins, but it is unclear how these activities are connected to the multitude of phenotypes and functions attributed to condensins. In this review, we briefly discuss the different molecular mechanisms by which condensins may regulate global chromosome compaction, organization of topologically associated domains, clustering of specific loci such as tRNA genes, rDNA segregation, and gene regulation.