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Computed tomography before transfer to a level I pediatric trauma center risks duplication with associated increased radiation exposure.

Research paper by Walter J WJ Chwals, Ann V AV Robinson, Carlos J CJ Sivit, Diya D Alaedeen, Ellen E Fitzenrider, Laura L Cizmar

Indexed on: 02 Dec '08Published on: 02 Dec '08Published in: Journal of Pediatric Surgery



Abstract

Community hospitals commonly obtain computed tomographic (CT) imaging of pediatric trauma patients before triaging to a level I pediatric trauma center (PTC). This practice potentially increases radiation exposure when imaging must be duplicated after transfer.A retrospective review of our level 1 PTC registry from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2006, was conducted. Level I and II trauma patients were grouped based on whether they had undergone outside CT examination (head and/or abdomen) at a referring hospital (group 1) or received initial CT examination at our institution (group 2). Subgroups were analyzed based on whether duplicate CT examination was required at our PTC (Fischer's Exact test).A duplicate CT scan (within 4 hours of transfer) was required in 91% (30/33) of group 1 transfer patients, whereas no group 2 patient required a duplicate scan (0/55; P < .0001). There was no significant difference within the groups for weight, age, or intensive care unit length of stay.A significant number of pediatric trauma patients who receive CT scans at referring hospitals before transfer to our level I PTC require duplicate scans of the same anatomical field(s) after transfer, exposing them to increase potential clinical risk and cost.