Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Journal of Applied Toxicology
Drug-induced lung injury is an adverse effect of drug treatment that can result in respiratory failure. Because lipid profiling could provide cutting-edge understanding of the pathophysiology of toxicological responses, we performed lipidomic analyses of drug-induced lung injury. We used a mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung injury and followed the physiological responses at the acute inflammatory (day 2), inflammatory-to-fibrosis (day 7) and fibrosis (day 21) phases. The overall lipid profiles of plasma, lung and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) revealed that drastic changes in lipids occurred in the lung and BALF, but not in the plasma, after 7 and 21 days of bleomycin treatment. In the lung, the levels of ether-type phosphatidylethanolamines decreased, while those of phosphatidylcholines, bismonophosphatidic acids and cholesterol esters increased on days 7 and 21. In BALF, the global lipid levels increased on days 7 and 21, but only those of some lipids, such as phosphatidylglycerols/bismonophosphatidic acids and phosphatidylinositols, increased from day 2. The lung levels of prostaglandins, such as prostaglandin D , were elevated on day 2, and those of 5- and 15-lipoxygenase metabolites of docosahexaenoic acid were elevated on day 7. In BALF, the levels of 12-lipoxygenase metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids were elevated on day 7. Our comprehensive lipidomics approach suggested anti-inflammatory responses in the inflammatory phase, phospholipidosis and anti-inflammatory responses in the inflammatory-to-fibrosis phase, and increased oxidative stress and/or cell phenotypic transitions in the fibrosis phase. Understanding these molecular changes and potential mechanisms will help develop novel drugs to prevent or treat drug-induced lung injury. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.