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Compositions useful for forming the layers of a golf ball and method of making same

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Murali Rajagopalan

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A golf ball comprising a cover, a core, and optionally, an intermediate layer positioned between the cover and the core, wherein, at least one of the core, and the optional intermediate layer comprises at least one layer comprising a saponified polymer prepared by a process comprising the following steps. Forming a polymer comprising: (I) a first monomeric component comprising a first olefinic monomer having from 2 to 8 carbon atoms; (2) a second monomeric component comprising an unsaturated carboxylic acid based acrylate class ester having from 4 to 22 carbon atoms; and (3) an optional third monomeric component comprising at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, an anhydride monomer, an unsaturated monocarboxylic acid, a second olefin having from 2 to 8 carbon atoms, and a vinyl ester or a vinyl ether of an alkyl acid having from 4 to 21 carbon atoms.

Claims

1. A golf ball comprising a cover and a core, wherein the core comprises a saponified polymer prepared by a process comprising the following steps:

2. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the golf ball has an Atti compression of at least 50 and a coefficient of restitution of at least 0.7.

3. The golf ball of claim 2, wherein the Atti compression is at least 60 to about 100.

4. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the core has a flexural modulus of about 500 psi to about 150,000 psi.

5. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the polymer further comprises a third monomeric component comprising at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, an anhydride monomer, an unsaturated monocarboxylic acid, a second olefin having from 2 to 8 carbon atoms and a vinyl ester or a vinyl ether of an alkyl acid having from 4 to 21 carbon atoms.

6. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the core further comprises at least one density-adjusting filler.

7. The golf ball of claim 6, the density adjusting filler is a metallic powder.

8. The golf ball of claim 7, wherein the metallic powder is a titanium, tungsten or copper powder.

9. The golf ball of claim 6, wherein the density adjusting filler is a metallic oxide derivative.

10. The golf ball of claim 9, wherein the metallic oxide derivative is an oxide derivative selected from the group consisting of titanium, tungsten, copper and tin.

11. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the layer has a foamed structure.

12. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the golf ball further comprises an intermediate layer.

13. The golf ball of claim 12, wherein the intermediate layer has a thickness of at least about 0.02 inches.

14. The golf ball of claim 12, wherein the intermediate layer has a hardness from at least 20 Shore D and flexural modulus at least 500 to about 100,000 psi.

15. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the metal base is comprised of at least one metallic cation selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, barium, lead, tin, zinc and aluminum.

16. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the first monomeric component has the general formula:

wherein:

17. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the second monomeric component is an unsaturated acrylate class ester having the general formula:

wherein:

18. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the polymer filter comprises a third monomeric component comprising at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of:

wherein:

19. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the polymer is grafted by addition of a grafting agent.

20. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the saponified polymer is blended with at least one additional thermoplastic ionomer.

21. The golf ball of claim 20, wherein the thermoplastic ionomer is at least one ionomer selected from the group consisting of ethylene methacrylic acid ionomers, ethylene acrylic acid ionomers, terpolymer ionomers comprising ethylene and methacrylic acid monomeric units, and terpolymer ionomers comprising ethylene and acrylic acid monomeric units.

22. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the saponified polymer is blended with at least one non-ionic thermoplastic.

23. The golf ball of claim 22, wherein the non-ionic thermoplastic is at least one polymer selected from the group consisting of poly(butyl acrylate), poly(2-ethylbutyl acrylate), poly(heptyl acrylate), poly(silanes), block poly(ether-ester) copolymers, styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers, styrene-(ethylene-propylene)-styrene block copolymers, styrene-(ethylene-butylene)-styrene block copolymers, styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers comprising maleic anhydride functionality, styrene-(ethylene-propylene)-styrene block copolymers comprising maleic anhydride functionality, styrene-(ethylene-butylene)-styrene block copolymers comprising maleic anhydride functionality, styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers comprising sulfonic functionality, styrene-(ethylene-propylene)-styrene block copolymers comprising sulfonic functionality, styrene-(ethylene-butylene)-styrene block copolymers comprising sulfonic functionality, ethylene-acrylate copolymers, ethylene methacrylate copolymers, ethylene-octene copolymers made from metallocene catalysts, ethylene-alpha olefin copolymers and terpolymers made from metallocene catalysts, ethylene-alpha olefin copolymers and terpolymers made from non-metallocene single-site catalysts, block poly(urethane-ester) copolymers, block poly(urethane-ether) copolymers, block poly(urethane-caprolactone) copolymers, polycaprolactones, polyesters, polycarbonates, ethylene-propylene-(diene monomer) terpolymers, sulfonated derivatives of ethylene-propylene-(diene monomer) terpolymers, and carboxylated derivatives of ethylene-propylene-(diene monomer) terpolymers.

24. A golf ball according to claim 1, wherein the core is solid or fluid.

25. A golf ball according to claim 24, wherein the core is fluid and further comprises a tensioned elastomeric material disposed thereon.

26. The golf ball according to claim 25, wherein the tensioned elastomeric material further comprises natural or synthetic elastomers or blends thereof.

27. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the saponified polymer of said layer has a Shore D hardness of at least 15, a flexural modulus of at least 500 psi, a specific gravity of at least 0.7, a dynamic shear modulus at 23° C. of at least 10

4 dynes/cm

2 and a loss tangent of no more than about 1 at 23° C.

28. The golf ball of claim 27, wherein the flexural modulus of the saponified polymer is about 1000 psi to about 100,000 psi.

29. The golf ball of claim 27, wherein the specific gravity of the saponified polymer is at least 0.75 to about 1.

30. The golf ball of claim 27, wherein the dynamic shear storage modulus of the saponified polymer is about 10

6 to about 10

10 dynes/cm

2.

31. The golf ball of claim 27, wherein the loss tangent of the saponified polymer is no more than 0.1 at 23° C.

32. The golf ball of claim 12, wherein the intermediate layer comprises a saponified polymer.

33. The golf ball of claim 1, wherein the core further comprises cis-polybutadiene.

34. A golf ball comprising a cover and a core, wherein, the cover comprises an inner cover layer and an outer cover layer, and wherein the inner cover layer comprises a saponified polymer prepared by a process which comprises:

35. The golf ball of claim 34, wherein the core comprises at least one layer comprising a saponified polymer.

36. The golf ball of claim 35, wherein the extruder has at least two addition zones connected in series and wherein a portion of the metal base solution is added in each the addition zone.

37. The golf ball of claim 35, wherein the saponified polymer is blended with at least one additional thermoplastic ionomer.

38. A golf ball comprising a cover and a core, wherein the cover comprises an inner cover layer and an outer cover layer, and wherein the inner cover layer comprises a saponified polymer prepared by a process comprising the following steps:

39. The golf ball of claim 38, wherein the inner cover layer has a thickness of at least about 0.02 inches.

40. The golf ball of claim 38, wherein the core comprises at least one layer comprising a saponified polymer.