Indexed on: 20 Jan '18Published on: 20 Jan '18Published in: Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
To analyze the clinical efficacy of over-elbow small splint fixation for the treatment of comminuted Colles fractures.From October 2013 to October 2015, 52 patients with comminuted Colles fracture were divided into two groups (the traditional splint fixation group and the over-elbow small splint fixation group) according to the treatment strategy. There were 26 patients in the over-elbow small splint fixation group including 7 males and 19 females with an average age of (64.615±11.475) years old ranging from 38 to 85 years old, and 26 patients in the traditional splint fixation group including 9 males and 17 females with an average age of (65.269±13.162) years old ranging 36 to 91 years old, respectively. In the over-elbow small splint fixation group, 3 cases were type A3 fractures, 9 cases were type C1, 7 cases were type C2 and 7 cases were type C3;in the traditional splint fixation group, 4 cases were type A3, 8 cases were type C1, 9 cases were type C2 and 5 cases were type C3. After manipulative reduction, the fractures in traditional splint fixation group were fixed with traditional small splint, and the fractures in over-elbow small splint fixation group were added with over-elbow right angle splint for the first three weeks, then continued fixing like the control group until clinical cicatrization. All patients in both groups were regularly taken X-ray examination and changed dressings to obtain the clinical healing. Patients were guided to do functional exercise after splints were taken off. The therapeutic effects were evaluated according to modified Green and O'Brein score system after 8 weeks' functional exercise.All patients got clinical healing without severe complications in both groups. The shortened length of radius in traditional splint fixation group was more than that in over-elbow small splint fixation group (5.923±1.978) mm VS (2.962±1.248) mm(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in radial incline between two groups. There was a higher wrist score in over-elbow small splint fixation group compared with traditional splint fixation group 89.615±11.482 vs 80.385±13.485(P<0.05).Over-elbow small splint fixation is better than traditional splint fixation for the treatment of comminuted Colles fracture because of reliable clinical result and excellent wrist functional recovery.