Comparison of Postoperative Bleeding in Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Patients Receiving Rivaroxaban or Enoxaparin.

Research paper by Abby L AL Ricket, David W DW Stewart, Robert C RC Wood, Lyndsey L Cornett, Brian B Odle, David D Cluck, Jessica J Freshour, Hadi H El-Bazouni

Indexed on: 20 Jan '16Published on: 20 Jan '16Published in: The Annals of pharmacotherapy


The Regulation of Coagulation in Orthopedic Surgery to Prevent Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism (RECORD) 1 to 4 trials compared rivaroxaban 10 mg daily with commonly used doses of enoxaparin and demonstrated similar rates of VTE and bleeding.To evaluate bleeding events between patients who received enoxaparin or rivaroxaban for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Retrospective cohort that compared patients undergoing THA and TKA who received enoxaparin (enoxaparin) with those who received rivaroxaban (rivaroxaban) and also with those who received enoxaparin in the RECORD 1 to 4 trials (enoxaparin RECORD). The primary outcome was any postoperative bleeding, defined as a composite of major and clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding based on the definitions in the RECORD 1 to 4 trials.There was a lower rate of any postoperative bleeding (2.2% vs 6.8%, P = 0.004) in patients who received enoxaparin compared with rivaroxaban, and bleeding rates between the enoxaparin group and the enoxaparin RECORD groups were similar (2.2% vs 2.5%, P = 0.085). Major bleeding in the enoxaparin group (0.2%) was not significantly different from that in the rivaroxaban group (1.4%, P = 0.12) or the RECORD group (0.2%, P = 0.93). Clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding was also lower in the enoxaparin group compared with the rivaroxaban group (2.0% vs 5.5%, P = 0.012).The use of enoxaparin for VTE prophylaxis following THA and TKA was associated with a lower rate of the primary outcome (any postoperative bleeding) compared with the use of rivaroxaban in a similar cohort of patients.

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