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Comparison of ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness in exfoliative glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma.

Research paper by Atılım Armağan AA Demirtaş, Ayşe Özköse AÖ Çiçek, Zeynep Z Duru, Döndü Melek DM Ulusoy, Cemal C Özsaygılı, Necati N Duru

Indexed on: 12 May '21Published on: 11 May '21Published in: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy



Abstract

To determine and compare the thickness of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), the thickness of the retina nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the parameters of the optic nerve head (ONH) in exfoliative glaucoma (XFG), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and control eyes using optical coherence tomography (OCT). The study was a retrospective observational cross-sectional study of 43 eyes of patients with XFG, 44 eyes of patients with POAG, and 37 eyes of healthy participants. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, rim-area, disc-area, average cup/disc ratio, vertical cup/disc ratio, cup volume, average RNFL thickness, and GCIPL (average, minimum, superior, superotemporal, superonasal, inferior, inferotemporal, and inferonasal) thicknesses were determined. RNFL thicknesses were similar in the XFG and POAG groups (p =  0.065), and both glaucoma groups had significantly thinner RNFLs than the controls (p =  0.002). The XFG group had significantly thinner average and minimum GCIPLs compared to the POAG and control groups (p =  0.027, p <  0.001 for average thickness and p =  0.038, p <  0.001 for minimum thickness, respectively). No significant difference was found in the ONH parameters among the three groups except for rim-area and cup volume (p >  0.05 for all ONH parameters, p <  0.001 for rim-area, and p = 0.003 for cup volume). Mean visual field mean deviation was -11.6 ± 8.2 dB in the XFG group and -10.4 ± 9.3 dB in the POAG group (p =  0.453). Eyes with XFG were found to have a thinner GCIPL (minimum and average) than eyes with POAG or from healthy controls, although the RNFL measurements were similar to those of eyes with POAG. GCIPL thickness may be a more valuable indicator than RNFL thickness in patients with XFG for early detection of glaucoma and/or for glaucoma progression measurement. There is still some debate in the literature about whether decreases in GCIPL thickness and RNFL thickness (and/or ONH parameter change) are the best indicators for early detection and progress measurement of glaucoma. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.