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Comparison of frictional resistance between passive self-ligating brackets and slide-type low-friction ligature brackets during the alignment and leveling stage.

Research paper by Sandra-Liliana SL Gómez-Gómez, Junes-Abdul JA Villarraga-Ossa, Juan-Gustavo JG Diosa-Peña, Juan-Fernando JF Ortiz-Restrepo, Robinson-Andrés RA Castrillón-Marín, Carlos M CM Ardila

Indexed on: 10 Dec '20Published on: 14 Sep '19Published in: Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry



Abstract

To compare the frictional resistance between passive self-ligating brackets and conventional brackets with low-friction ligature under bracket/archwire and root/bone interface during dental alignment and leveling. A tridimensional model of the maxilla and teeth of a patient treated with conventional brackets, and slide ligatures was generated employing the SolidWorks modeling software. SmartClip self-ligating brackets and Logic Line conventional brackets were assembled with slide low-friction ligatures, utilizing archwires with different diameters and alloys used for the alignment and leveling stage. Friction caused during the bracket/archwire interface and stress during the bone/root interface were compared through a finite element model. SmartClip and Logic Line brackets with slide elastomeric low-friction elastomeric ligature showed similar frictional stress values of 0.50 MPa and 0.64 MPa, respectively. Passive self-ligating brackets transmitted a lower load along the periodontal ligament, compared to conventional brackets with a low-friction ligature. Slide low-friction elastomeric ligatures showed frictional forces during the bracket/archwire interface similar to those of the SmartClip brackets, while the distribution of stresses and deformations during the root/bone interface were lower in the passive self-ligating brackets. Orthodontic friction, finite element analysis, orthodontic brackets, orthodontic wires.