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Comparison of facemask and mouthpiece interfaces for multiple breath washout measurements.

Research paper by Paul D PD Robinson, Sooky S Lum, Courtney C Moore, Kate M KM Hardaker, Nick N Benseler, Paul P Aurora, Peter P Cooper, Dominic D Fitzgerald, Renee R Jensen, Reginald R McDonald, Hiran H Selvadurai, Felix F Ratjen, Sanja S Stanojevic

Indexed on: 28 Feb '18Published on: 28 Feb '18Published in: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis



Abstract

Different interfaces (mouthpiece/nose clip vs. facemask) are used during multiple breath washout (MBW) tests in young children. We investigated the effect of interface choice and breathing modalities on MBW outcomes in healthy adults and preschool children. In adults (n = 26) facemask breathing significantly increased LCI, compared to mouthpiece use (mean difference (95% CI) 0.4 (0.2; 0.6)), with results generalizable across sites and different equipment. Exclusively nasal breathing within the facemask increased LCI, as compared to oral breathing. In preschoolers (2-6 years, n = 46), no significant inter-test difference was observed across interfaces for LCI or FRC. Feasibility and breathing stability were significantly greater with facemask (incorporating dead space volume minimization), vs. mouthpiece. This was more pronounced in subjects <4 years of age. Both nasal vs. oral breathing and mouthpiece vs. facemask affect LCI measurements in adults. This effect was minimal in preschool children, where switching between interfaces is most likely to occur. Copyright © 2018 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.