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Comparison of BALP, CTX-I, and IL-4 levels around miniscrew implants during orthodontic tooth movement between two different amounts of force.

Research paper by Mine Gecgelen MG Cesur, V Ozgen VO Ozturk, Beral B Afacan, F Burcu FB Sirin, Afra A Alkan, Torun T Ozer

Indexed on: 08 Feb '19Published on: 08 Feb '19Published in: The Angle orthodontist



Abstract

To evaluate the Interleukin-4 (IL-4), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), and C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) levels in peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid (PMCF) during orthodontic tooth movement between 75 and 150 g of distalization force. Thirty miniscrews were placed bilaterally between the maxillary second premolars and first molars. The right and the left maxillary canines were moved distally using either 75 or 150 g of force. PMCF samples were collected before loading (T0); at 2 hours (T1) and 24 hours (T2) later; and on days 7 (T3), 14 (T4), 21 (T5), 30 (T6), and 90 (T7) after force application. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits were used to determine BALP, CTX-I, and IL-4 levels. There was no significant difference between the force groups at all time points with respect to BALP, CTX-I, and IL-4 levels ( P > .05). There was no significant difference among time points for the two force groups in terms of BALP and IL-4 levels ( P > .05). The CTX-I level at T3 was significantly higher than at T0 for both force groups ( P < .05). Both 75 g and 150 g of orthodontic force are within optimal force limits, and there is no difference in biochemical markers of bone turnover.