Indexed on: 10 Sep '17Published on: 10 Sep '17Published in: Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
To compare the prognostic impact of anatomic resection (AR) versus non-anatomic resection (NAR) on patient survival after resection of a single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).To control for confounding variable distributions, a 1-to-1 propensity score match was applied to compare the outcomes of AR and NAR. Among 710 patients with a primary, solitary HCC of <5.0 cm in diameter that was resectable by either AR or NAR from 2003 to 2007 in Japan and Korea, 355 patients underwent NAR and 355 underwent AR of at least one section with complete removal of the portal territory containing the tumor.Overall survival (OS) was better in the AR than NAR group [hazard ratio (HR), 1.67; 95% confidence interval (95%CI), 1.28-2.19; p<0.001], while disease-free survival showed no significant difference. Significantly fewer patients in the AR than NAR group developed intrahepatic HCC recurrence and multiple intrahepatic recurrences. Patients with poorly differentiated HCC who underwent AR had improved disease-free survival and OS.AR decreases the risk of tumor recurrence and improves OS in patients with a primary, solitary HCC of <5.0 cm in diameter. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.