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Comparison between sarcoidosis and IgG4-related disease by whole-body 67Ga scintigraphy.

Research paper by Shirou S Ishii, Masayuki M Miyajima, Kotaro K Sakuma, Ken K Kikuchi, Fumio F Shishido

Indexed on: 10 Oct '12Published on: 10 Oct '12Published in: Nuclear medicine communications



Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare uptake lesions in sarcoidosis and IgG4-related disease through gallium-67 ((67)Ga) scintigraphy to differentiate between the two diseases.Whole-body (67)Ga scintigraphy findings of 27 patients with sarcoidosis and 16 with IgG4-related disease were reviewed between 2005 and 2011 at our hospital.In the case of patients with sarcoidosis, significant accumulation of (67)Ga was observed in the lacrimal gland in the case of 26 patients (96%), in mediastinal lymph nodes (LNs) in 23 (85%), in pulmonary hilar LNs in 21 (78%), in the parotid gland in 10 (38%), in supraclavicular LNs in eight (30%), in muscles in seven (26%), in the lung in five (18%), in inguinal LNs in four (15%), in submandibular LNs in two (7%), and in the heart, spleen, kidney and para-aorta in one patient (4%). In patients with IgG4-related disease, abnormal uptake was detected in the pulmonary hilar LNs in 12 patients (75%), in the lacrimal gland in 10 (62%), in the pancreas in 10 (62%), in the parotid gland in six (37%), in the submandibular gland in six (37%), in the para-aorta in three (19%), in the lung in three (19%), in mediastinal LNs in two (12%), and in the kidney in the case of two patients (12%). Asymmetrical accumulation in the submandibular gland was observed in three of six patients (50%) with IgG4-related disease and in none of the two patients (0%) with sarcoidosis. Significant differences were observed in the uptake ratio of the lacrimal gland, the submandibular gland, supraclavicular LNs, mediastinal LNs, pancreas, and muscle between the two groups (P<0.05).(67)Ga scintigraphy was useful in differentiating between the two diseases. Uptake in mediastinal LNs, in supraclavicular LNs, and in the muscle was specific to sarcoidosis, whereas uptake in the pancreas and in the submandibular gland indicated IgG4-related disease.