Comparative leaching of six toxic metals from raw and chemically stabilized MSWI fly ash using citric acid

Research paper by Huawei Wang, Xinxiu Fan; Ya-nan Wang; Weihua Li; Yingjie Sun; Meili Zhan; Guizhi Wu

Indexed on: 15 Dec '17Published on: 12 Dec '17Published in: Journal of Environmental Management


Publication date: 15 February 2018 Source:Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 208 Author(s): Huawei Wang, Xinxiu Fan, Ya-nan Wang, Weihua Li, Yingjie Sun, Meili Zhan, Guizhi Wu The leaching behavior of six typical toxic metals (Pb, Zn, Cr, Cd, Cu and Ni) from raw and chemically stabilized (phosphate and chelating agent) municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash were investigated using citric acid. Leaching tests indicated that phosphate stabilization can effectively decrease the leaching of Zn, Cd and Cr; whereas chelating agent stabilization shows a strong ability to lower the release of Pb, Cd and Cu, but instead increases the solubility of Zn and Cr at low pH conditions. Sequential extraction results suggested that the leaching of Pb, Zn and Cd in both the stabilized MSWI fly ash samples led to the decrease in Fe/Mn oxide fraction and the increase in exchangeable and carbonate fractions. The leaching of Cr was due to the decrease in exchangeable, carbonate and Fe/Mn oxide fractions in phosphate-stabilized and chelating agent-stabilized MSWI fly ash. The leaching of Cu in both stabilized MSWI fly ash was greatly ascribed to the decrease in Fe/Mn oxide and oxidisable fractions. Moreover, predicted curves by geochemical model indicated that both stabilized MSWI fly ash have the risk of releasing toxic metals under strong acid environment.