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Comparative Genomic and Genetic Functional Analysis of Industrial L-Leucine- and L-Valine-Producing Corynebacterium glutamicum Strains.

Research paper by Yuechao Y Ma, Qixin Q Chen, Yi Y Cui, Lihong L Du, Tuo T Shi, Qingyang Q Xu, Qian Q Ma, Xixian X Xie, Ning N Chen

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Journal of microbiology and biotechnology



Abstract

is an excellent platform for the production of amino acids, and is widely used in the fermentation industry. Most industrial strains are traditionally obtained by repeated processes of random mutation and selection, but the genotype of these strains is often unclear owing to the absence of genomic information. As such, it is difficult to improve the growth and amino acid production of these strains via metabolic engineering. In this study, we generated a complete genome map of an industrial L-valine-producing strain, XV. In order to establish the relationship between genotypes and physiological characteristics, a comparative genomic analysis was performed to explore the core genome, structural variations, and gene mutations referring to an industrial L-leucine-producing strain, CP, and the widely used ATCC 13032. The results indicate that a 36,349 bp repeat sequence in the CP genome contained an additional copy each of and genes, which benefited the export of L-leucine. However, in XV, the and genes were disrupted by nucleotide insertion, which increase the availability of precursors to synthesize L-valine. Moreover, the specific amino acid substitutions in key enzymes increased their activities. Additionally, a novel strategy is proposed to remodel central carbon metabolism and reduce pyruvate consumption without having a negative impact on cell growth by introducing the CP-derived mutant H/citrate symporter. These results further our understanding regarding the metabolic networks in these strains and help to elucidate the influence of different genotypes on these processes.