Comparative genomic analysis of three lytic Lactococcus garvieae phages, novel phages with genome architecture linking the 936 phage species of Lactococcus lactis.

Research paper by Truong Dinh TD Hoai, Issei I Nishiki, Atushi A Fujiwara, Terutoyo T Yoshida, Toshihiro T Nakai

Indexed on: 07 Jun '20Published on: 16 Jul '19Published in: Marine Genomics


To date, a number of bacteriophages that infect Lactococcus garvieae isolated from marine fish have been identified. However, the evolutionary insight between L. garvieae phages and other viral community have not yet been immersedly investigated. In this study, completed genomic sequence of phage PLgY-30 was obtained, a comparative analysis of three lytic phages, which have been using for phage typing and treatment of L. garvieae infecting marine fish, is conducted. The results revealed that the genomes of lytic phages specific for L. garvieae isolated from diseased marine fish share a high level of homology and almost all proteins are conserved. At genome level, no similarity was detected for either PLgY-30 or PLgY-16, while PLgW-1 shares only very limited homology (1%) with other sequences in Genbank database. In addition, the function of only 35% of ORFs in the PLgY-30 phage genomes could be predicted, demonstrating that it is novel phage. At protein level, lytic phage proteins shared a significant similarity to various proteins of global phage species isolated from dairy fermentation facilities that utilize L. lactis as a primary starter culture, called the 936 phage group. Genome organization and architecture of three lytic phages are also similar to that of the 936 phage group. To our knowledge, this is the first time lytic bacteriophages infecting L. garvieae from marine fish were characterized to genome level. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.