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Colletotrichum acutatum and C. gloeosporioides Species Complexes Associated with Apple in Brazil.

Research paper by Rafaele R RR Moreira, Natalia A NA Peres, Louise L LL May De Mio

Indexed on: 30 Nov '18Published on: 30 Nov '18Published in: Plant Disease



Abstract

Glomerella leaf spot (GLS) is an apple disease that concerns growers due to the increases in severity over the years and the difficulties in control. Species within the Colletotrichum acutatum and C. gloeosporioides species complexes cause GLS, but the proportion of species within each complex in Brazilian apple orchards is not known. The objectives of this study were to identify isolates of Colletotrichum causing GLS on apple orchards in the main Brazilian producing regions to the species level. Two hundred and seven isolates were obtained in orchards in São Paulo (SP), Parana (PR), Santa Catarina (SC), and Rio Grande do Sul (RS) states. Genomic DNA was extracted, and the ITS, GAPDH, CHS-1, and TUB2 genes were amplified and sequenced. The phylogenetic trees were generated using a concatenated alignment. One hundred and fourteen isolates were identified as belonging to the C. acutatum species complex (Cac) and 93 to the C. gloeosporioides species complex (Cgc). Five phylogenetic species were identified: C. melonis (1.9%), C. nymphaeae (47.4%), C. paranaense (2.4%), C. limetticola (3.4%), and C. fructicola (44.9%). In SC, Cgc predominates, but in the states of SP, PR, and RS, Cac was predominant. This is the first report of C. limetticola from apple.