Indexed on: 19 May '01Published on: 19 May '01Published in: Clinical Immunology
TNF is a potent proinflammatory cytokine important for the development of arthritis in human and animals. We have investigated the roles of TNF receptor-1 (TNFR1) and TNF receptor-2 (TNFR2) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) by inducing CIA in mice genetically deficient in TNFR1. TNFR1-/- mice developed arthritis with similar incidence and severity as TNFR1+/- littermates, indicating that TNFR1 is redundant for the development of CIA. Anti-type II collagen (CII) antibody levels and T cell responses to CII did not differ between TNFR1-/- mice and controls. Neutralization of TNF with soluble TNF binding protein suppressed the development of arthritis in TNFR1+/- mice but not in TNFR1-/- mice, indicating that TNFR2 cannot substitute for TNFR1 for the proinflammatory function. To further investigate the functions of TNFR2, TNFR1-/- mice were injected with murine TNF-alpha at different stages during the course of CIA. Repeated TNF-alpha injection during the early induction phase enhanced the development of arthritis, but inhibited arthritis when administered during the late progression phase. These results show that the engagement of TNFR2 by TNF is involved in the development of CIA in the absence of TNFR1 and that opposing signals can be transduced by TNFR2.