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[COI-based DNA barcoding in Tapetinae species (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae) along the coast of CHINA].

Research paper by Jun J Chen, Qi Q Li, Ling-Feng LF Kong, Xiao-Dong XD Zheng, Rui-Hai RH Yu

Indexed on: 27 Aug '10Published on: 27 Aug '10Published in: Dong wu xue yan jiu = Zoological research / "Dong wu xue yan jiu" bian ji wei yuan hui bian ji



Abstract

DNA barcoding has exhibited charming effectiveness in species diagnosis, but some studies suggested the proportion of taxa that cannot be barcode-distinguished was still high. In the present study, the efficiency of the DNA barcoding for delimiting species of subfamily Tapetinae along the coast of China was tested. Fifty one original COI sequences of 11 species in five genera were analyzed. Among these sequences, 43 haplotypes were identified. Saturation plots generated for DNA barcode revealed that transitions became saturated after 10% to 15% sequence divergence. However, transversions were not saturated. Excluding Ruditapes variegata haplotype Hap33 that might be the result of a hybridization event, our finding showed that K2P-distances between conspecific sequences varied from 0% to 2.02% (0.46% on average), distances between congeneric sequences were from 17.21% to 32.24% (24.96% on average), and all conspecifics clustered together in the phylogentic trees. The proportion of individuals that can be distinguished by DNA barcoding was approximately 98% among 51 individuals analyzed in this study. Thus, the results evidenced that subfamily Tapetinae species can be efficiently identified through the use of DNA barcoding.