Indexed on: 28 Sep '10Published on: 28 Sep '10Published in: Physical review letters
We report on THz emission measurements and low temperature scanning laser imaging of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks. Coherent emission is observed at large dc input power, where a hot spot and a standing wave, formed in the "cold" part of the stack, coexist. By changing bias current and bath temperature, the emission frequency can be varied by more than 40%; the variation matches the Josephson-frequency variation with voltage. The linewidth of radiation is much smaller than expected from a purely cavity-induced synchronization. Thus, an additional mechanism seems to play a role. Some scenarios, related to the presence of the hot spot, are discussed.