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Codes with the Identifiable Parent Property for Multimedia Fingerprinting

Research paper by Minquan Cheng, Hung-Lin Fu, Jing Jiang, Yuan-Hsun Lo, Ying Miao

Indexed on: 25 Nov '14Published on: 25 Nov '14Published in: Computer Science - Information Theory



Abstract

Let ${\cal C}$ be a $q$-ary code of length $n$ and size $M$, and ${\cal C}(i) = \{{\bf c}(i) \ | \ {\bf c}=({\bf c}(1), {\bf c}(2), \ldots, {\bf c}(n))^{T} \in {\cal C}\}$ be the set of $i$th coordinates of ${\cal C}$. The descendant code of a sub-code ${\cal C}^{'} \subseteq {\cal C}$ is defined to be ${\cal C}^{'}(1) \times {\cal C}^{'}(2) \times \cdots \times {\cal C}^{'}(n)$. In this paper, we introduce a multimedia analogue of codes with the identifiable parent property (IPP), called multimedia IPP codes or $t$-MIPPC$(n, M, q)$, so that given the descendant code of any sub-code ${\cal C}^{'}$ of a multimedia $t$-IPP code ${\cal C}$, one can always identify, as IPP codes do in the generic digital scenario, at least one codeword in ${\cal C}^{'}$. We first derive a general upper bound on the size $M$ of a multimedia $t$-IPP code, and then investigate multimedia $3$-IPP codes in more detail. We characterize a multimedia $3$-IPP code of length $2$ in terms of a bipartite graph and a generalized packing, respectively. By means of these combinatorial characterizations, we further derive a tight upper bound on the size of a multimedia $3$-IPP code of length $2$, and construct several infinite families of (asymptotically) optimal multimedia $3$-IPP codes of length $2$.