CO2/brine/rock interactions in Lower Tuscaloosa formation

Research paper by Yee Soong, Bret H. Howard, Robert M. Dilmore, Igor Haljasmaa, Dustin M. Crandall, Liwei Zhang, Wu Zhang, Ronghong Lin, Gino A. Irdi, Vyacheslav N. Romanov, Thomas R. Mclendon

Indexed on: 07 Jul '16Published on: 06 Jul '16Published in: Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology


Saline aquifers are the largest potential continental geologic CO2 sequestration resource. Understanding of potential geochemically induced changes to the porosity and permeability of host CO2 storage and sealing formation rock will improve our ability to predict CO2 plume dynamics, storage capacity, and long‐term reservoir behavior. Experiments exploring geochemical interactions of CO2/brine/rock on saline formations under CO2 sequestration conditions were conducted in a static system. Chemical interactions in core samples from the Lower Tuscaloosa formation from Jackson County, Mississippi, with exposure to CO2‐saturated brine under sequestration conditions were studied through six months of batch exposure. The experimental conditions to which the core samples of Lower Tuscaloosa sandstone and Selma chalk were exposed to a temperature of 85°C, CO2 pressure of 23.8 MPa (3500 psig), while immersed in a model brine representative of Tuscaloosa Basin. Computed tomography (CT), X‐Ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), brine chemistry, and petrography analyses were performed before and after the exposure. Permeability measurements from the sandstone core sample before and after exposure showed a permeability reduction. No significant change of the permeability measurements was noticed for the core sample obtained from Selma chalk after it was exposed to CO2/brine for six months. These results have implications for performance of the storage interval, and the integrity of the seal in a CO2 storage setting. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd