Cluster headache and TACs: rationale for central and peripheral neuromodulation.

Research paper by G G Broggi, G G Messina, A A Franzini

Indexed on: 04 Sep '09Published on: 04 Sep '09Published in: Neurological Sciences


Cluster headache, the most severe of primary headache conditions for functional and social impairment it provokes, has been recently the object of a great amount of clinical, physiopathological, surgical and functional neuroradiological studies aimed to uncover the real mechanisms which underlie its disabling manifestations. Refinement of methodological and systematic features of multidisciplinary researches in this field has been allowing for more and more precise delineations of the role of both peripheral and central nervous system's contribution in pathophysiology of the disease. Aim of this manuscript is the report of the present knowledge in the role of the different surgical options in the treatment of drug-resistant cluster headache and Short-lasting Unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT), which take into account their different hypothesized pathological mechanisms and which comprise central nervous system's approach (Deep Brain Stimulation [DBS] and peripheral approach, namely Occipital Nerve Stimulation (ONS) and Vagal Nerve Stimulation (VNS).