Indexed on: 19 Jun '13Published on: 19 Jun '13Published in: Anaerobe
The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and risk factors for infection in hospitalized patients with diarrhea in a cancer hospital in Beijing, China. A total of 277 patients with hospital-associated diarrhea (HAD) were studied of which 41 (15%) were positive for fecal C. difficile toxin A/B. For each CDI case identified, a control with HAD but negative C. difficile specimen was enrolled to look for CDI risk factors. Receipt of cancer chemotherapy occurred in 20 (49%) patients with CDI and 9 (22.0%) patients with non-CDI HAD (OR3.39, 95%CI 1.78-10.05). Median length of chemotherapy before HAD developed was 39 days for those with CDI and 22 days for patients with CDI-negative HAD (P = 0.0391). The study found that CDI is commonly seen in cancer patients in China with increasing risk for patients who receive chemotherapy.