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Clinical phenotypes and the biological parameters of Congolese patients suffering from sickle cell anemia: A first report from Central Africa.

Research paper by Tite M TM Mikobi, Prosper P Lukusa Tshilobo, Michel N MN Aloni, Pierre Z PZ Akilimali, Georges G Mvumbi-Lelo, Jean Marie JM Mbuyi-Muamba

Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 25 Jan '17Published in: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis



Abstract

The influence of phenotype on the clinical course and laboratory features of sickle cell anemia (SCA) is rarely described in sub-Saharan Africa.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kinshasa. A clinical phenotype score was built up. The following definitions were applied: asymptomatic clinical phenotype (ACP; score≤5), moderate clinical phenotype (MCP; score between 6 and 15), and severe clinical phenotype (SCP; score≥16). ANOVA test were used to compare differences among categorical variables.We have studied 140 patients. The mean body mass index (BMI) value of three groups was lower (<25 kg/m(2) ) than the limit defining overweight. BMI of the subjects with ACP was significantly higher than those of other phenotypes (P<.05). Sickle cell patients with ACP have a high mean steady-state hemoglobin concentration compared to those with MCP and SCP (P<.001). A significant elevated baseline leukocyte count is associated with SCP (P<.001). Fetal Hemoglobin (HbF) was significantly higher in ACP. Significant elevation of alpha 1 and alpha 2 globulins in SCP were observed.In our study, fetal hemoglobin has an influence on the clinical severity and the biological parameters of SCA. The study provides data concerning the sickle cell anemia clinical and biological variability in our midst.