Indexed on: 19 Oct '17Published on: 19 Oct '17Published in: Injury
The optimal treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (Robinson Type 2B1 & 2B2) in adults remains controversial. Little is known about patient satisfaction with treatment for this type of injury. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and explore predictors of patient satisfaction after nonoperative and direct-operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in adults.A retrospective multicentre study was conducted. Clinical data were retrieved from electronic patient charts. A questionnaire informing on current subjective function (QuickDASH), pain levels (VAS), health-related quality of life (Eq-5D-5L), impact on employment and satisfaction with treatment results was sent to all patients. Univariate and multivariate linear regression was performed to identify predictors of satisfaction.A total of 278 patients were identified (nonoperative n=150, direct-operative n=128). 67% of eligible patients returned the questionnaire. Median questionnaire follow-up was 2.1 years. No differences were found between groups for QuickDASH, Eq-5D-5L or pain VAS scores. Impaired union was observed in 13.2% of nonoperative cases vs. 2.3% in the direct-operative group. Patients in the nonoperative group could resume work after a median of 30.0days, compared to 13.5days in the direct-operative group. Patient satisfaction was higher in the direct-operative group, 8/10 vs. 7/10 for overall treatment results respectively. Patients' rating for the level of shared decision-making was the main predictor of overall satisfaction.Direct-operative management led to higher patient satisfaction, despite similar long-term patient reported outcomes with nonoperative treatment. Patients' rating for the level of shared decision-making was the main predictor of overall satisfaction. This study highlights the need to enhance communication to facilitate shared decision-making.