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Clinical implementation of a novel myocardial protection pathway in coronary artery bypass surgery with minimal extracorporeal circulation.

Research paper by Luca L Koechlin, Urs U Zenklusen, Thomas T Doebele, Bejtush B Rrahmani, Brigitta B Gahl, Denis D Berdajs, Martin T R MTR Grapow, Friedrich S FS Eckstein, Oliver O Reuthebuch

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Perfusion



Abstract

The aim of this study was to report the clinical implementation of the joint use of the Myocardial Protection System (MPS) and the minimal extracorporeal circulation system (MiECC), in conjunction with an institutionally refined dose/volume-dependent microplegia in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients with isolated CABG surgery were included. The final protocol to achieve cardioplegic arrest consisted of warm blood cardioplegia with 20 mmol potassium (K), 1.6 g magnesium (Mg) and 40 mg lidocaine per liter (L) blood. We prospectively collected intra- and postoperative data to monitor and validate this novel approach. Eighty patients were operated accordingly. Mean (SD) aortic clamping time and extracorporeal perfusion time were 67.5 (22.6) and 101.1 (31.9) minutes, respectively. Failure to induce cardiac arrest was seen in six patients at the early stage of refinement of the formula. Median (IQR) high -sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) on the first postoperative day (POD) and peak hs-cTnT were 262.5 ng/L (194.3-405.8) and 265.5 ng/L (194.3-405.8), respectively. Median (IQR) creatine kinase-myocardial type (CK-MB) on POD 1 and peak CK-MB were 14.2 µg/L (10.5-22.7) and 14.2 µg/L (10.7-23.2), respectively. Median (IQR) creatine kinase (CK) on POD 1 and peak CK were 517.5 U/L (389.3-849.8) and 597.5 U/L (455.0-943.0), respectively. No patient died during hospitalization. The combination of this cardioplegic formula with MPS and MiECC in CABG was safe and feasible. With the final chemical makeup, cardiac arrest was reliably achieved. Remarkably low postoperative cardiac markers indicate shielded cardiac protection during surgery.

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