Indexed on: 15 May '16Published on: 15 May '16Published in: Foot & ankle international
Autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) has an inherent risk of donor site morbidity (DSM). The reported rates of DSM vary from 0% to 50%, with few studies reporting clinical or imaging outcomes at the donor site as a primary outcome and even fewer report these outcomes when a biosynthetic plug backfill is employed. Although TruFit (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA) plugs have been removed from the market for regulatory purposes, biphasic plugs (including TruFit plugs) have been used for several years and the evaluation of these is therefore pertinent.Thirty-nine patients who underwent forty AOT procedures of the talus, with the donor graft being taken from the ipsilateral knee, were included. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to assess the donor site graded with magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) scoring. Lysholm scores were collected preoperatively, at the time of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and again at 24 months and at final follow-up to assess clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed to establish if there was any correlation between MRI assessment of the donor site and clinical outcomes. The mean patient age was 36.2 ± 15.7 years with a mean follow-up of 41.8 ± 16.7 months.All patient donor site defects were filled with OBI TruFit biphasic plugs. DSM was encountered in 12.5% of the patient cohort at 24 months, and in these patients, the Lysholm score was a mean 87.2 ± 5.0. At final follow-up, DSM was reduced to 5%. Lysholm scores for the entire cohort were 98.4 ± 4.6 and 99.4 ± 3.1 at 24 months and final follow-up, respectively. MRI of the donor sites were taken at an average of 18.1 ± 13.5 (range, 3-48) months postoperatively and the mean MOCART score was 60.0 ± 13.5. No correlation was found between the MOCART score and Lysholm outcomes at the donor knee (P = .43, r = 0.13).Low incidence of DSM and good functional outcomes were achieved with AOT. Additionally, MRI findings did not predict clinical outcomes in our study.Level IV, retrospective case series.