Classification of “Quaternionic" Bloch-Bundles

Research paper by Giuseppe De Nittis, Kiyonori Gomi

Indexed on: 13 Jun '15Published on: 13 Jun '15Published in: Communications in Mathematical Physics


We provide a classification of type AII topological quantum systems in dimension d = 1, 2, 3, 4. Our analysis is based on the construction of a topological invariant, the FKMM-invariant, which completely classifies “Quaternionic" vector bundles (a.k.a. “symplectic" vector bundles) in dimension \({d\leqslant 3}\). This invariant takes value in a proper equivariant cohomology theory and, in the case of examples of physical interest, it reproduces the familiar Fu–Kane–Mele index. In the case d = 4 the classification requires a combined use of the FKMM-invariant and the second Chern class. Among the other things, we prove that the FKMM-invariant is a bona fide characteristic class for the category of “Quaternionic" vector bundles in the sense that it can be realized as the pullback of a universal topological invariant.