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Classification of cultivated mussels from Galicia (northwest Spain) with European Protected Designation of Origin using trace element fingerprint and chemometric analysis.

Research paper by M M Costas-Rodríguez, I I Lavilla, C C Bendicho

Indexed on: 07 Apr '10Published on: 07 Apr '10Published in: Analytica Chimica Acta



Abstract

Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in combination with different supervised chemometric approaches has been used to classify cultivated mussels in Galicia (Northwest of Spain) under the European Protected Designation of Origin (PDO). 158 mussel samples, collected in the five rías on the basis of the production, along with minor and trace elements, including high field strength elements (HFSEs) and rare earth elements (REEs), were used with this aim. The classification of samples was achieved according to their origin: Galician vs. other regions (from Tarragona, Spain, and Ethang de Thau, France) and between the Galician Rías. The ability of linear discriminant analysis (LDA), soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) and artificial neural network (ANN) to classify the samples was investigated. Correct assignations for Galician and non-Galician samples were obtained when LDA and SIMCA were used. ANNs were more effective when a classification according to the ría of origin was to be applied.