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Circadian Rhythm Abnormalities in Parkinson's Disease from Humans to Flies and Back.

Research paper by Federica F De Lazzari, Marco M Bisaglia, Mauro Agostino MA Zordan, Federica F Sandrelli

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: International journal of molecular sciences



Abstract

Clinical and research studies have suggested a link between Parkinson's disease (PD) and alterations in the circadian clock. may represent a useful model to study the relationship between the circadian clock and PD. Apart from the conservation of many genes, cellular mechanisms, signaling pathways, and neuronal processes, shows an organized central nervous system and well-characterized complex behavioral phenotypes. In fact, has been successfully used in the dissection of the circadian system and as a model for neurodegenerative disorders, including PD. Here, we describe the fly circadian and dopaminergic systems and report recent studies which indicate the presence of circadian abnormalities in some fly PD genetic models. We discuss the use of to investigate whether, in adults, the disruption of the circadian system might be causative of brain neurodegeneration. We also consider approaches using , which might provide new information on the link between PD and the circadian clock. As a corollary, since PD develops its symptomatology over a large part of the organism's lifespan and given the relatively short lifespan of fruit flies, we suggest that genetic models of PD could be used to perform lifelong screens for drug-modulators of general and/or circadian-related PD traits.