Indexed on: 13 Apr '18Published on: 13 Apr '18Published in: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Distribution of amino acid substitutions in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of gyrA, gyrB, parC, parE and determinants of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) were investigated among quinolone-resistant Salmonella spp. strains isolated from retail food in Poland in the years 2008-2013. Ten different amino acid substitutions were identified in QRDRs. Five different amino acid substitutions were identified in gyrA: Ser83Tyr, Ser83Phe, Asp87Tyr, Asp87Asn, Asp87Gly, two amino acid substitutions in parC: Thr57Ser, Ser80Ile and in parE: Leu445Phe, Arg511Ser. One substitution - Ser464Phe - was detected within gyrB. In gyrA a single substitution (Ser83Tyr) was identified the most frequently - 34.8% (63/181). Second most frequently identified variant (21.0%-38/181) was a co-existence of two single substitutions in gyrA: Ser83Tyr and parC: Thr57Ser. In four isolates co-existed three substitutions in three different genes: gyrA: Ser83Tyr + parC: Thr57Ser + parE: Leu445Phe (two isolates), gyrA: Ser83Phe + parC: Thr57Ser + parE: Leu445Phe, and gyrA: Ser83Tyr + parC: Thr57Ser + parE: Arg511Ser. In the two isolates four substitutions were identified - in gyrA: Ser83Phe + Asp87Tyr and in parC: Thr57Ser + Ser80Ile. Among resistant isolates, MIC values varied between 32 and 2048 mg/L (nalidixic acid) and between 0.125 and 16 mg/L (ciprofloxacin). MIC values of two isolates harboring qnrS1without any substitutions were 32 mg/L (NA) and 0.5-1.0 mg/L (CIP). The highest MIC values for NA and CIP were observed in two isolates of Salmonella spp. carrying double substitutions in gyrA: Ser83Phe + Asp87Tyr and parC: Thr57Ser + Ser80Ile. MIC value for NA was 2048 mg/L while for CIP - 16 mg/L. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.