Chromosome Identification and Assignment of DNA Clones in the Dog Using a Red Fox and Dog Comparative Map

Research paper by F. Yang, B. S. Milne, C. Schelling, G. Dolf, J. Schläpfer, M. Switonski, D. Ladon, A. Pienkowska, A. A. Bosma, D. R. Sargan, M. A. Ferguson-Smith

Indexed on: 01 Feb '00Published on: 01 Feb '00Published in: Chromosome Research


We have developed a novel method for identifying dog chromosomes and unambiguously mapping specific clones onto canine chromosomes. This method uses a previously established red fox/dog comparative chromosome map to guide the FISH mapping of cloned canine DNA. Mixing metaphase preparations of the red fox and dog enabled a single hybridization to be performed on both species. We used this approach to map the chromosomal locations of twenty-six canine cosmids. Each cosmid contains highly polymorphic microsatellite markers currently used by the DogMap project to compile the canine linkage map. All but two cosmids were successfully assigned to subchromosomal regions on red fox and dog chromosomes. For eight cosmids previously mapped on dog chromosomes, we confirmed and refined the canine chromosomal assignments of seven cosmids and corrected an erroneous assignment regarding cosmid CanBern1. These results demonstrate that the red fox and dog comparative chromosome map can greatly improve the accuracy and efficiency of chromosomal assignments of canine genetic markers by FISH.