Indexed on: 22 Feb '12Published on: 22 Feb '12Published in: International journal of oncology
It has been proposed that the frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of an entire chromosome 17 contig in epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC) is the consequence of the inactivation of multiple tumour suppressor genes on this chromosome. We report the characterization of a 453 Kb 17q25 locus shown previously to exhibit a high frequency of LOH in EOC samples. LOH analysis further defined the minimal region of deletion to a 65 Kb interval flanked by D17S2239 and D17S2244, which contains RHBDF2, CYGB and PRCD as tumour suppressor gene candidates. Tissue specific expression excluded PRCD as a candidate. RHBDF2 was expressed at low levels in the majority of benign and low malignant potential (LMP) tumours, and in a subset of malignant ovarian tumour samples, as compared with primary cultures of normal ovarian surface epithelial cell (NOSE) samples. CYGB was expressed at low levels in the majority of LMP and malignant samples compared with benign and NOSE samples. In contrast to CYGB expression, RHBDF2 was expressed at low or undetectable levels in EOC cell lines exhibiting tumourigenic characteristics and up-regulated in a genetically modified EOC cell line rendered non-tumourigenic. DNA sequence analysis identified variants but no apparent deleterious mutations in either gene. Methylation-specific PCR analysis suggested that promoter methylation of CYGB but not RHBDF2 occurred in 6 of 31 malignant samples. The results combined suggest that RHBDF2 and CYGB may play distinctive roles in ovarian cancer and could be added to the growing roster of chromosome 17 genes implicated in this disease.