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Chromosomal location of genes for Rubisco small subunit and Rubisco-binding protein in common wheat.

Research paper by S S Galili, G G Galili, M M Feldman

Indexed on: 01 Jan '91Published on: 01 Jan '91Published in: Theoretical and Applied Genetics



Abstract

The genes coding for the Rubisco small subunit (SSU) and for the α-subunit of the Rubisco-binding protein were located to chromosome arms of common wheat. HindIII-digested total DNA from the hexaploid cultivar Chinese Spring and from ditelosomic and nullisomic-tetrasomic lines was probed with these two genes, whose chromosomal location was deduced from the disappearance of or from changes in the relative intensity of the relevant band(s). The Rubisco SSU pattern consisted of 14 bands, containing at least 21 different types of DNA fragments, which were allocated to two homoeologous groups: 15 to the short arm of group 2 chromosomes (4 to 2AS, 7 to 2BS, and 4 to 2DS) and 6 to the long arm of group 5 chromosomes (2 on each of arms 5AL, 5BL, and 5DL). The pattern of the Rubisco-binding protein consisted of three bands, each containing one type of fragment. These fragments were located to be on the short arm of group 2 chromosomes. The restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns of several hexaploid and tetraploid lines were highly conserved, whereas the patterns of several of their diploid progenitors were more variable. The variations found in the polyploid species were mainly confined to the B genome. The patterns of the diploids T. monococcum var. urartu and Ae. squarrosa were similar to those of the A and D genome, respectively, in polyploid wheats. The pattern of T. monococcum var. boeoticum was different from the patterns of the A genome, and the patterns of the diploids Ae. speltoides, Ae. longissima, and Ae. Searsii differed from that of the B genome.