Indexed on: 01 Nov '13Published on: 01 Nov '13Published in: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
The Chiari network is mobile, net-like structures occasionally seen in right atrium near the opening of inferior vena cava and coronary sinus. This is usually of no clinical significance and is often diagnosed incidentally. However, sometimes it may cause diagnostic confusion with right atrial pathologies, and may favour thromboembolism by causing flow obstruction. It may be associated with infective endocarditis, arrhythmias, and migraine. Sometimes, it acts as a physical barrier during invasive procedures. The Chiari network has also been described to protect from pulmonary embolism by acting as an inferior vena cava filter due to its sieve-like effect at the cavo-atrial junction. Here, the Chiari network has been described in a case of Ebstein anomaly of tricuspid valve which produced diagnostic confusion during echocardiography. A brief overview has also been presented.