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Chemokines, osteopontin, ICAM-1 gene expression in cultured rat mesangial cells.

Research paper by S K SK Lee, J Y JY Park, S J SJ Chung, W S WS Yang, S B SB Kim, S K SK Park, J S JS Park

Indexed on: 04 Jun '98Published on: 04 Jun '98Published in: Journal of Korean medical science



Abstract

To investigate whether MCP-1, CINC, RANTES, osteopontin and ICAM-1 mRNA could be induced in cultured rat mesangial cells by interleukin-1beta(IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and whether MCP-1 and CINC gene expression could be modulated by dexamethasone, Northern blot assays were performed. IL-1beta induced MCP-1, CINC, RANTES and ICAM-1 gene expression in a time dependent manner. IL-1beta-induced MCP-1, CINC and ICAM-1 mRNA amount were maximal at 3 hours exposure around 14.5, 15.7, 2.2 folds increase and IL-1beta-induced RANTES mRNA at 24 hours around 2.0 folds. TNF-alpha and LPS also induced MCP-1 and ICAM-1 gene expression. TNF-alpha also induced RANTES gene expression but LPS did not. On the other hand, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and LPS had little effect on osteopontin gene expression but fetal calf serum could increase osteopontin mRNA. Dexamethasone suppressed the IL-1beta-induced MCP-1 and CINC mRNA. These results suggest that, through these gene expressions, mesangial cells are able to communicate directly or indirectly with macrophages or neutrophils, which may lead to glomerulosclerosis.