Indexed on: 01 Feb '98Published on: 01 Feb '98Published in: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
It has been confirmed that the apatite nucleation is induced by silanol (Si–OH) groups formed on the surfaces of materials and/or silicate ions adsorbed on them.It was previously shown that apatite nuclei are formed on organic polymers when the polymers are placed on CaO, SiO2-based glass particles soaked in a simulated body fluid (SBF) with ion concentrations nearly equal to those of human blood plasma, and that they grow spontaneously to form a dense and uniform apatite layer together with high adhesive strength to the substrates when the polymers are soaked in another solution with ion concentrations 1.5 times the SBF. In the present study, silanol groups bonded covalently to the surface of the silicone substrate were formed and its apatite-forming ability was examined. When silicone substrates were treated with 5 or 10 M NaOH with pH 7.25 at 36.5°C for more than 3 h, silanol groups were formed on the surfaces of the substrates. When thus NaOH-treated substrates were soaked in 1.5SBF at 36.5°C, a bone-like apatite was formed on the substrates in a short period. © 1998 Chapman & Hall.